Brief information

General Information

Official Name: The Argentine Republic
Short Name: AR
Continent: South America


Calling Code: +54
Capital City: Buenos Aires
Domain: .ar


Area(Sqre/KM): 2736690 SqKM
Population: About 45195774 as of 2023
Population Density: 16.51
Population By Religion:


Nationality: Argentines
President: Alberto Ángel Fernández
Independance Day: 5/1/1853 12:00:00 AM


Currency: Peso
Latitude: -38.416097
Longitude: -63.616672


Lanugages: Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)
National Language: Spanish

Intesting facts

Here are some interesting facts about Argentina:

  1. Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world and the second largest country in South America, after Brazil.

  2. The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires, which is also the largest city in the country.

  3. Argentina is known for its diverse landscapes, including the Andes mountains, the Pampas grasslands, and the beaches of Mar del Plata.

  4. The tango, a passionate and seductive dance, originated in Buenos Aires in the late 19th century.

  5. Argentina is famous for its beef, and its cuisine is heavily influenced by Italian and Spanish cooking.

  6. Argentina is home to the highest peak in the Americas, Aconcagua, which stands at 22,837 feet (6,961 meters).

  7. The Iguazu Falls, which straddle the border between Argentina and Brazil, are one of the largest waterfall systems in the world.

  8. Argentina is a major wine producer, with the Mendoza region being particularly well known for its Malbec wines.

  9. The Argentinian flag features a sun with a face, which is a symbol of the Inca sun god Inti.

  10. Some famous Argentinians include soccer superstar Lionel Messi, revolutionary Che Guevara, and writer Jorge Luis Borges.

About Argentina

Argentina is a country located in South America, bordered by Chile to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south. It is the eighth-largest country in the world and the second-largest in Latin America after Brazil. The country's capital is Buenos Aires, and its official language is Spanish. Argentina is known for its diverse geography, including the Andes Mountains, vast plains, and Patagonia region, as well as its rich cultural heritage and history.


Argentina has many large cities, but some of the top cities in terms of population and importance are:

  1. Buenos Aires: The capital of Argentina, Buenos Aires is the largest city in the country and one of the largest cities in South America. It is a center of politics, culture, and commerce, and is known for its European-style architecture and vibrant nightlife.

  2. Córdoba: Located in the central region of Argentina, Córdoba is the country's second-largest city and a major cultural and educational center. It has several important universities and is known for its colonial-era architecture and rich history.

  3. Rosario: The third-largest city in Argentina, Rosario is located in the province of Santa Fe and is an important industrial and commercial center. It is also known for its lively music scene and cultural festivals.

  4. Mendoza: Located in the foothills of the Andes mountains, Mendoza is a major wine-producing region and a popular tourist destination. It is also a center of outdoor recreation and adventure tourism.

  5. San Miguel de Tucumán: Located in the northern region of Argentina, San Miguel de Tucumán is a historic city that played an important role in the country's independence movement. It is also a major cultural and commercial center, and has several important universities.



Argentina's history spans thousands of years, from the indigenous peoples who lived in the region for centuries, to the arrival of European explorers and colonizers in the 16th century. The area that is now Argentina was first colonized by Spain in the 16th century, and became a part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata in 1776. In the early 19th century, Argentina declared its independence from Spain and began to establish itself as a sovereign nation.

Throughout much of the 19th and 20th centuries, Argentina experienced periods of economic growth and political turmoil. In the early 20th century, Argentina became one of the world's wealthiest countries, but the Great Depression and political instability led to a decline in the economy in the 1930s and 1940s. In the second half of the 20th century, Argentina experienced periods of military rule and democracy, as well as a number of economic crises.

Today, Argentina is a federal republic with a rich cultural heritage and a diverse population. It is the eighth largest country in the world, with a population of over 45 million people. Argentina is known for its tango music and dance, its beef and wine, and its stunning natural landscapes, including the Andes mountains, the Iguazu Falls, and the glaciers of Patagonia.



Argentina is the second-largest country in South America after Brazil and the eighth-largest country in the world. It has a land area of 2.78 million square kilometers and a coastline that extends for over 4,900 kilometers along the South Atlantic Ocean. The geography of Argentina is diverse and includes mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, and coastal areas.

The Andes mountain range runs along the western border of Argentina, with some of the highest peaks in the world, including Aconcagua, which is the highest mountain in the Americas, standing at 6,962 meters. The eastern part of the country is dominated by the lowlands of the Pampas, a fertile region that covers much of the country's central area. The region is known for its agricultural production of crops such as wheat, soybeans, and corn.

Argentina also has several large rivers, including the Paraná and Uruguay rivers, which form part of its borders with Paraguay, Brazil, and Uruguay. The country is home to many lakes and wetlands, including the Laguna Mar Chiquita, which is the largest saltwater lake in South America. The southernmost part of the country is covered by glaciers, including the Perito Moreno Glacier, one of the most famous tourist attractions in Argentina.


Environment and Weather:

Argentina's climate and environment are quite diverse due to its large size and varying topography. The country has a wide range of climates, from subtropical in the north to subpolar in the south. The Pampas region in central Argentina has a temperate climate and is known for its fertile agricultural land.

Argentina is also home to a variety of ecosystems, including deserts, grasslands, rainforests, and mountains. The Andes Mountains run along the western border of the country and include Aconcagua, the highest peak in the Americas at 6,960 meters.



Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world, with an estimated population of 45 million people as of 2021. The population is highly urbanized, with more than 90% living in cities and urban areas. Buenos Aires, the capital and largest city, has a population of approximately 2.9 million people, making it the second-largest city in South America after Sao Paulo in Brazil.

The population of Argentina is diverse, with a mix of European, indigenous, and African ancestry. The majority of the population is of European descent, with significant numbers of people of Italian and Spanish ancestry. There are also sizable communities of indigenous people, including the Mapuche, Tehuelche, and Quechua.

Argentina has a relatively low population density, with much of the country being sparsely populated. The northwestern region of the country, known as the Gran Chaco, is particularly sparsely populated, with a population density of less than one person per square kilometer. The central and southern regions of the country, which are more densely populated, are home to many of Argentina's largest cities and industrial centers.


Art and Culture:

Argentina has a vibrant and diverse culture, shaped by a blend of European and indigenous influences. Its artistic and cultural legacy is evident in everything from its architecture to its music and dance.

One of the most notable contributions of Argentina to the arts is the tango, a passionate and sensual dance that originated in the working-class neighborhoods of Buenos Aires in the late 19th century. The country is also known for its rich literary tradition, with authors such as Jorge Luis Borges and Julio Cortazar making significant contributions to world literature.

Argentina is home to numerous museums, galleries, and theaters, showcasing everything from contemporary art to ancient artifacts. The country is also famous for its many street artists, who use public spaces to express their creativity.

In addition to the arts, Argentina has a strong tradition of sports, particularly soccer (known as football in Argentina). The country has produced some of the world's best soccer players, including Diego Maradona and Lionel Messi.

Argentina's cultural landscape is also influenced by its diverse immigrant population, with large communities of Italian, Spanish, Jewish, and Arabic descent, among others. This cultural mix has led to a rich culinary scene, with dishes such as empanadas, asado (barbecued meat), and dulce de leche (a sweet, caramel-like spread) being staples of Argentine cuisine.



Argentina has a well-developed education system with a high literacy rate. Primary education is compulsory and free for all children aged 6 to 14. The country has a large number of universities and other higher education institutions, with several of them being internationally recognized.

The University of Buenos Aires (UBA) is the largest and most prestigious university in Argentina and one of the top universities in Latin America. Other leading universities in the country include the National University of La Plata, the National University of Córdoba, and the National Technological University.

Argentina has a literacy rate of around 98%, which is one of the highest in South America. The government has invested heavily in education over the years, and education is seen as a key driver of economic growth and development in the country.


Business and Economy:

Argentina has a diverse economy with a mixture of agriculture, industry, and services. Agriculture has historically been a major sector, with Argentina being a leading producer of wheat, soybeans, corn, and beef. The country also has significant natural resources, including minerals such as copper, gold, and lithium.

In recent years, Argentina has faced economic challenges, including high inflation and a large public debt. The country has undergone periods of growth and recession, with the most recent recession occurring in 2018-2019.

The service sector is the largest contributor to Argentina's GDP, accounting for around two-thirds of the total. Tourism is also an important industry, with millions of visitors coming to Argentina each year to see attractions such as Buenos Aires, Iguazu Falls, and Patagonia.

Argentina has a mixed economy with a large number of state-owned enterprises, although the government has pursued privatization in certain sectors in recent years. The country is a member of the Mercosur trade bloc, which also includes Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.



Argentina has a long history of agriculture and is considered one of the world's leading producers and exporters of agricultural products. The country has a diverse range of agricultural production, including crops such as soybeans, wheat, corn, sunflowers, and grapes for wine production. Livestock farming is also a significant contributor to the agricultural sector, with beef production being particularly important.

Argentina's agricultural sector has undergone significant changes in recent years, with a shift towards more modern and sustainable farming practices, including the use of genetically modified crops and precision agriculture technologies. The country is also investing in research and development to improve productivity and reduce environmental impact.


Foods and Fruits:

Argentina is known for its rich and diverse cuisine, which varies from region to region. Some of the popular foods and fruits of Argentina include:

  1. Asado: It is a popular dish of grilled meat, especially beef, which is seasoned with salt and cooked over charcoal or wood fire.

  2. Empanadas: Empanadas are small, savory pastries that are filled with meat, cheese, vegetables, or fruit.

  3. Choripán: It is a sandwich that is made with a grilled chorizo sausage and bread.

  4. Milanesa: Milanesa is a thin slice of breaded meat that is either fried or baked.

  5. Dulce de leche: It is a sweet and creamy caramel-like spread that is made from condensed milk and sugar.

  6. Mate: Mate is a traditional Argentine drink that is made from the dried leaves of the yerba mate plant. It is often consumed with friends or family and is considered a social activity.

  7. Wine: Argentina is known for its wine production, especially red wines made from Malbec grapes.

  8. Fruits: Argentina is known for its production of various fruits, including apples, oranges, lemons, grapes, peaches, and strawberries.



Argentina has a well-developed healthcare system, which is both publicly and privately funded. The country has a high life expectancy rate and a low infant mortality rate compared to many other countries in the region.

The public healthcare system provides free and universal access to healthcare services to all citizens and permanent residents, regardless of their ability to pay. The private healthcare sector is also well developed and provides high-quality healthcare services for those who can afford it.

Argentina is known for having a high level of expertise in medical research and technology, particularly in the field of biotechnology. The country is home to several world-renowned research institutions and companies that have made significant contributions to the development of new drugs and medical treatments.

The government of Argentina has made healthcare a priority and has invested heavily in the sector in recent years. The country has also implemented several public health programs aimed at improving the health of its citizens, including programs to reduce tobacco use, combat obesity, and promote healthy living.


Natural Resources:

Argentina is a country with a wide range of natural resources. The following are some of the most important natural resources of Argentina:

  1. Minerals: Argentina has rich mineral resources, including gold, silver, copper, iron ore, and lithium. The country is one of the world's largest producers of lithium, which is used in the manufacture of batteries for electric vehicles.

  2. Energy: Argentina is rich in fossil fuels, including oil, natural gas, and coal. The country has significant shale gas and oil reserves, which have led to a boom in the energy sector in recent years.

  3. Water: Argentina has abundant water resources, with the Parana and Uruguay rivers being the most important. These rivers are used for irrigation, hydroelectric power generation, and transportation.

  4. Agriculture: Argentina has some of the most fertile land in the world, and is a major producer and exporter of agricultural products such as soybeans, wheat, corn, and beef.

  5. Forests: Argentina has significant forest resources, with the Gran Chaco region being the most important. The country is a major producer and exporter of wood and wood products.

  6. Wildlife: Argentina is home to a wide range of wildlife, including jaguars, pumas, capybaras, and rheas. The country has established a number of national parks and protected areas to preserve its natural heritage.


Forest and Biodiversity:

Argentina has diverse forest and biodiversity resources. The country is home to a variety of forests, including the subtropical rainforests of the Yungas, the Andean mountain forests, the Espinal forests, and the Patagonian forests. The forests of Argentina are important for their ecological and economic value. They support a variety of wildlife, including jaguars, pumas, Andean condors, and several species of monkeys and birds.

Argentina also has a rich biodiversity with many endemic species, meaning they are found only in Argentina. The country is home to over 30,000 species of plants, 1,000 species of birds, and 400 species of mammals, including the llama, guanaco, and vicuña. Argentina has several protected areas, including national parks and nature reserves, to preserve its natural resources.


Mountains and Hills:

Argentina is known for its vast and diverse landscape, which includes many mountains and hills. Some of the most notable ones are:

  1. Andes: The Andes are the longest mountain range in the world, and they run along the western edge of Argentina. The highest peak in the range is Aconcagua, which stands at 6,959 meters and is the highest peak in the Western Hemisphere.

  2. Cerro Catedral: Located near the city of Bariloche in Patagonia, Cerro Catedral is a popular ski resort and mountain range. It has over 120 kilometers of ski runs and is one of the largest ski resorts in South America.

  3. Cerro Torre: This is a granite peak located in the southern part of Patagonia, close to the border with Chile. It stands at 3,128 meters and is a popular destination for rock climbers.

  4. Fitz Roy: This is a mountain peak located in the southern Patagonian Ice Field. It stands at 3,405 meters and is known for its distinctive shape and challenging climbing routes.

  5. Uritorco: This is a mountain located in the province of Cordoba. It stands at 1,979 meters and is a popular destination for hikers and nature lovers.

  6. Aconcagua Provincial Park: This park is located in the province of Mendoza and is home to the Aconcagua mountain range. It is a popular destination for hiking, mountaineering, and other outdoor activities.


Rivers and Sea:

Argentina is a country with a diverse geography that includes several important rivers and seas. The country has a long coastline along the South Atlantic Ocean, which includes several beaches and coastal cities. The Rio de la Plata is a large estuary that forms part of the boundary between Argentina and Uruguay, and it is one of the widest rivers in the world.

Other important rivers in Argentina include the Paraná, Uruguay, Colorado, and Negro rivers. These rivers provide important resources for the country, including freshwater for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation. The Paraná River, for example, is one of the major rivers in South America and is used for transportation, fishing, and other activities.

In addition to the rivers and seas, Argentina has several important lakes, including Lake Nahuel Huapi, which is located in the Patagonian region of the country. This lake is surrounded by snow-capped mountains and is a popular destination for outdoor activities such as hiking and fishing.


Hospitality and Tourism:

Argentina is a popular tourist destination due to its diverse landscape, rich culture, and history. It is known for its stunning natural wonders, including the Andes mountains, the Iguazu Falls, and the Perito Moreno Glacier. The country is also home to vibrant cities such as Buenos Aires, known for its tango music and dance, and Mendoza, renowned for its wine production.

Argentina has a well-developed tourism industry, with a wide range of accommodations, including luxury hotels, guesthouses, and hostels. There are plenty of activities for tourists to enjoy, such as hiking, skiing, wine tasting, visiting museums and art galleries, and exploring historical landmarks.

The hospitality industry is a significant contributor to Argentina's economy, providing employment opportunities for many people. The country has made efforts to promote sustainable tourism, including the implementation of eco-friendly practices and the protection of natural resources.


Top Destinations:

Argentina has many top destinations that attract tourists from around the world. Here are some of them:

  1. Buenos Aires: The capital of Argentina, Buenos Aires is known for its stunning architecture, tango music and dance, delicious food, and vibrant nightlife.

  2. Iguazu Falls: One of the world's largest waterfall systems, Iguazu Falls is located on the border between Argentina and Brazil, and offers breathtaking views and natural beauty.

  3. Mendoza: Known as the wine capital of Argentina, Mendoza is home to some of the country's best vineyards and wineries, and offers a range of wine tours and tastings.

  4. Bariloche: Located in the Andes Mountains, Bariloche is a popular destination for skiing and other winter sports, as well as hiking and outdoor activities in the summer.

  5. Ushuaia: Located at the southern tip of Argentina, Ushuaia is known as the "End of the World" and offers stunning views of the Beagle Channel and Tierra del Fuego National Park.

  6. Salta: Located in the northwest of Argentina, Salta is known for its colonial architecture, rich history, and stunning landscapes, including the salt flats of Salinas Grandes.

  7. El Calafate: Located in Patagonia, El Calafate is home to the famous Perito Moreno Glacier, as well as other stunning glaciers and lakes.

  8. Peninsula Valdes: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Peninsula Valdes is known for its diverse wildlife, including sea lions, penguins, and whales.

  9. Cordoba: The second-largest city in Argentina, Cordoba is known for its historic architecture, museums, and universities.

  10. Rosario: Located on the banks of the Paraná River, Rosario is known for its lively cultural scene, parks, and historic architecture.


Top Universities:

Argentina has a number of top-ranked universities in Latin America, with a long-standing tradition of higher education. Some of the top universities in Argentina are:

  1. University of Buenos Aires (UBA): UBA is the largest and most prestigious university in Argentina and one of the largest universities in Latin America. It was founded in 1821 and has produced several Nobel laureates.

  2. National University of Córdoba (UNC): UNC is the oldest university in Argentina, founded in 1613. It is also one of the largest universities in Argentina and a leader in scientific research.

  3. University of La Plata (UNLP): UNLP is located in the city of La Plata and is one of the most important universities in Argentina. It was founded in 1897 and has 17 faculties.

  4. National Technological University (UTN): UTN is a public university that specializes in engineering and technology. It has several campuses throughout the country and is considered one of the best universities in Latin America in these fields.

  5. University of San Andrés (UdeSA): UdeSA is a private university located in the city of Buenos Aires. It was founded in 1988 and is considered one of the best universities in Argentina, particularly in the fields of business and economics.

  6. Torcuato di Tella University (UTDT): UTDT is a private university located in Buenos Aires that is known for its research and teaching in social sciences, particularly economics, political science, and sociology.

  7. Austral University (UA): UA is a private university located in Buenos Aires that is known for its strong business and law programs.

  8. National University of Rosario (UNR): UNR is a public university located in the city of Rosario, Santa Fe province. It has several faculties and is particularly known for its programs in science, technology, and health.

  9. National University of Tucumán (UNT): UNT is a public university located in the city of San Miguel de Tucumán, in the northwestern region of Argentina. It has several faculties and is known for its programs in medicine, law, and humanities.

  10. National University of the Littoral (UNL): UNL is a public university located in the city of Santa Fe, capital of the province of the same name. It has several faculties and is particularly known for its programs in engineering, science, and humanities.


National Days:

Argentina has several national days that are celebrated throughout the year. Here are some of them:

  1. Independence Day (July 9): This day marks the anniversary of Argentina's declaration of independence from Spain in 1816. It is celebrated with parades, fireworks, and other festivities throughout the country.

  2. Flag Day (June 20): This day commemorates the death of Manuel Belgrano, who designed the Argentine flag in 1812. It is celebrated with parades and other events that honor the flag and its significance to the nation.

  3. National Sovereignty Day (November 20): This day commemorates the Battle of Vuelta de Obligado in 1845, when Argentine forces resisted a foreign invasion. It is celebrated as a day of national pride and sovereignty.

  4. Day of the Argentine Coast Guard (March 2): This day honors the men and women of the Argentine Coast Guard, who are responsible for protecting the country's territorial waters and coastline.

  5. Day of the National Anthem (May 11): This day celebrates the anniversary of the first public performance of the Argentine national anthem in 1813. It is marked with performances of the anthem and other patriotic music.

  6. Memorial Day (April 2): This day honors the fallen soldiers of the Falklands War, which took place between Argentina and the United Kingdom in 1982. It is a solemn day of remembrance for those who lost their lives in the conflict.


Popular Leaders:

Argentina has a long history of influential leaders, here are some of the most popular ones:

  1. Juan Perón: Juan Domingo Perón was a popular leader who served as the President of Argentina three times, from 1946 to 1955, from 1973 to 1974, and briefly in 1975. He was known for his populist policies and for promoting labor rights in the country.

  2. Eva Perón: Eva Perón, also known as Evita, was the second wife of Juan Perón and served as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 to 1952. She was known for her charity work and for championing the rights of women and the poor.

  3. Néstor Kirchner: Néstor Kirchner served as the President of Argentina from 2003 to 2007. He was known for his efforts to strengthen the country's economy and for his role in bringing to justice those who committed human rights violations during Argentina's "Dirty War" in the 1970s.

  4. Cristina Fernández de Kirchner: Cristina Fernández de Kirchner is the widow of Néstor Kirchner and served as the President of Argentina from 2007 to 2015. She was known for her left-leaning policies and for championing the rights of women and the poor.

  5. Mauricio Macri: Mauricio Macri served as the President of Argentina from 2015 to 2019. He was known for his pro-business policies and for his efforts to modernize the country's economy.

  6. Alberto Fernández: Alberto Fernández is the current President of Argentina, having taken office in 2019. He is known for his left-leaning policies and for his efforts to address the country's economic crisis and social inequalities.



Argentina has been home to many prominent scientists who have made significant contributions to various fields of science. Here are some of the notable scientists from Argentina:

  1. Bernardo Houssay: He was an Argentine physiologist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1947 for his work on the role of the pituitary gland in regulating blood sugar.

  2. Luis Federico Leloir: He was an Argentine biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1970 for his work on the biosynthesis of carbohydrates.

  3. César Milstein: He was an Argentine biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984 for his work on the development of monoclonal antibodies.

  4. René Favaloro: He was an Argentine cardiologist who is known for performing the first successful coronary artery bypass surgery in the world.

  5. Martha S. G. Carrillo: She is an Argentine-American astrophysicist who has made significant contributions to the study of cosmic rays.

  6. Juan Maldacena: He is an Argentine-American theoretical physicist who is known for developing the Maldacena conjecture, a fundamental idea in string theory.

  7. Conrado Varotto: He was an Argentine astronomer who discovered a number of asteroids and comets.


Writers and Poets:

Argentina has a rich literary history with many notable writers and poets. Here are a few examples:

  1. Jorge Luis Borges - Borges is considered one of the most important writers of the 20th century. He is known for his short stories and poetry, which often dealt with themes of philosophy and metaphysics.

  2. Julio Cortázar - Cortázar was a writer and translator known for his experimental style. He is best known for his novel "Hopscotch," which is a non-linear narrative that can be read in multiple ways.

  3. Gabriela Mistral - Mistral was a Chilean poet, but she spent much of her life in Argentina. She was the first Latin American writer to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1945.

  4. Ernesto Sábato - Sábato was a writer and physicist known for his existentialist novels. His most famous novel, "The Tunnel," explores themes of isolation and the search for identity.

  5. Jorge Amado - Amado was a Brazilian writer who spent time in Argentina. He is known for his novels that explore the lives of working-class people in Brazil.

  6. Adolfo Bioy Casares - Bioy Casares was a writer and friend of Jorge Luis Borges. He is known for his science fiction and detective novels.