Brief information

General Information

Official Name: The Commonwealth of the Bahamas
Short Name: BS
Continent: North America


Calling Code: +1-242
Capital City: Nassau
Domain: .bs


Area(Sqre/KM): 10010 SqKM
Population: About 393244 as of 2023
Population Density: 39.29
Population By Religion:


Nationality: Bahamians


Currency: Dollar
Latitude: 25.03428
Longitude: -77.39628


Lanugages: English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)

Intesting facts

Here are some interesting facts about the Bahamas:

  1. The Bahamas is made up of 700 islands, although only about 30 of them are inhabited.

  2. The Bahamas has the third-largest barrier reef in the world, the Andros Barrier Reef.

  3. The Bahamas is known for its famous swimming pigs, which live on the island of Exuma.

  4. The Bahamas is home to the deepest blue hole in the world, Dean's Blue Hole.

  5. The Bahamas is one of only two countries in the world that has pink sand beaches.

  6. The Bahamas was once a haven for pirates, including the famous Blackbeard.

  7. The Bahamas is the birthplace of the Junkanoo festival, a vibrant street parade with colorful costumes and music.

  8. The Bahamas is a tax haven, with no income tax or capital gains tax.

  9. The national dish of the Bahamas is conch, which is a type of large sea snail.

  10. The Bahamas is a popular destination for celebrities, including Johnny Depp and Oprah Winfrey, who both own private islands in the Bahamas.

About Bahamas

The Bahamas is a country located in the Caribbean region of North America. It consists of over 700 islands, cays, and islets in the Atlantic Ocean, and is situated to the southeast of Florida in the United States. The country has a population of around 400,000 people, and its capital is Nassau, located on the island of New Providence. The Bahamas is known for its clear turquoise waters, white sandy beaches, and abundant marine life, making it a popular destination for tourists from around the world. The official language is English, and the country's economy is heavily dependent on tourism and financial services.


The Bahamas is a country made up of multiple islands, and its largest city is Nassau, which is also the capital city. Some of the other major cities in the Bahamas include Freeport, West End, Coopers Town, Marsh Harbour, and Andros Town.



The Bahamas is a group of islands in the Caribbean, located southeast of Florida in the United States. The islands were originally inhabited by the Lucayan, an Arawak-speaking indigenous people, until they were enslaved by the Spanish in the late 15th century. The Spanish claimed the islands, but didn't settle them due to the lack of resources.

The first permanent European settlement was established by the British in 1647 on the island of Eleuthera. The Bahamas became a British colony in the 18th century and remained so until gaining independence in 1973.

During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Bahamas became a center for piracy and smuggling due to its location in the Caribbean. The islands were also a major center for the slave trade, with many enslaved Africans brought to the Bahamas to work on plantations.

In the 20th century, the Bahamas became a popular tourist destination, and the economy shifted from agriculture to tourism and financial services. Today, the Bahamas is a stable democracy with a diverse economy and a population that reflects its African, European, and American Indian heritage.



The Bahamas is an archipelagic country located in the Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida and northeast of Cuba. The country consists of more than 700 islands, cays, and islets, and has a total land area of around 5,358 square miles (13,878 square kilometers).

The Bahamas is known for its shallow, turquoise waters and white sand beaches. The islands are generally flat and low-lying, with the highest point being Mount Alvernia on Cat Island, which reaches an elevation of just 206 feet (63 meters) above sea level.

The Bahamas is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean on all sides, and is located within the Lucayan Archipelago, which includes the Turks and Caicos Islands to the southeast. The country is divided into 31 districts, with New Providence Island being the most populous and the location of the capital city, Nassau.


Environment and Weather:

The Bahamas has a tropical climate with warm temperatures year-round. The temperature typically ranges between 70-90°F (21-32°C) in most of the country. The rainy season runs from May to October, with the most rainfall occurring in the months of August and September. The country is also susceptible to hurricanes, which can occur from June to November.

The environment of the Bahamas is characterized by its marine ecosystems and coral reefs. The country is home to one of the largest barrier reef systems in the world, the Andros Barrier Reef. Additionally, the Bahamas is home to several national parks and protected areas, including the Exuma Cays Land and Sea Park, the Bahamas National Trust, and the Inagua National Park. The Bahamas is also known for its stunning beaches, crystal-clear waters, and diverse marine life.



As of 2021, the population of the Bahamas is estimated to be around 393,244. The country has a relatively small population but is one of the most densely populated countries in the Caribbean. The majority of the population is of African descent, with smaller minorities of European and mixed-race ancestry. The official language is English, and the country has a literacy rate of around 95%. The largest city and capital of the Bahamas is Nassau, located on the island of New Providence.


Art and Culture:

The Bahamas has a rich and diverse culture, which reflects the country's history and the influences of various ethnic groups. The majority of the population is of African descent, and the African heritage is reflected in the country's music, dance, and other art forms. However, the culture of the Bahamas has also been influenced by the cultures of the Indigenous people, Europeans, and Americans.

One of the most popular forms of music in the Bahamas is Junkanoo, which is a festive and colorful music and dance festival that takes place during the Christmas and New Year holidays. The festival is a celebration of the country's African heritage and includes costumes, music, and dance.

The Bahamas also has a thriving art scene, with many talented artists producing a wide variety of art, including paintings, sculptures, and mixed media works. The country's art is influenced by its history and culture, as well as by the natural beauty of the islands.

The cuisine of the Bahamas is a blend of African, European, and Caribbean influences, with seafood being a staple ingredient. Some of the most popular dishes include conch fritters, fried fish, peas and rice, and johnnycakes. The country also has a range of street food options, including conch salad, grilled meats, and fried snacks.



The Bahamas has a well-developed education system with a literacy rate of almost 95%. Education is mandatory for children between the ages of 5 and 16. Primary education is free and available to all children, while secondary education is provided by both public and private institutions.

The country has a number of universities and colleges, including the College of The Bahamas, which offers undergraduate and graduate degrees in a variety of fields. Additionally, the Bahamas Technical and Vocational Institute provides vocational training for students who wish to pursue careers in technical and industrial fields.

The government of the Bahamas places a high priority on education and has invested heavily in the sector. As a result, the country has a well-educated workforce and is home to a number of skilled professionals in various industries.


Business and Economy:

The Bahamas has a thriving economy that is heavily reliant on tourism and financial services. The country has a liberal tax and regulatory environment that attracts foreign investment, and its location in the Caribbean makes it a natural hub for trade and business. The government has actively pursued economic diversification efforts to reduce dependence on tourism and financial services, with a focus on agriculture, fisheries, and manufacturing.

Tourism is the largest sector of the Bahamian economy, accounting for approximately half of the country's GDP and employing a significant portion of the workforce. The country's beautiful beaches, clear waters, and warm climate attract millions of visitors each year, particularly from the United States.

The financial services sector is the second-largest contributor to the Bahamian economy, with more than 250 banks and trust companies operating in the country. The Bahamas is known for its favorable tax and regulatory environment, which has made it a popular destination for offshore banking and investment.

Agriculture, fisheries, and manufacturing are also important sectors in the Bahamas. The country has a favorable climate for agriculture, particularly for citrus fruits, vegetables, and other tropical crops. The fisheries sector is also significant, with the country exporting a range of seafood products to the United States and other countries. The manufacturing sector is relatively small, but the government has identified it as a key area for growth and is actively working to attract investment and support local businesses.



The agricultural sector of the Bahamas is relatively small and only contributes a small portion to the country's economy. The primary agricultural products of the Bahamas include fruits such as pineapple, mango, and avocado, as well as vegetables such as tomatoes, onions, and peppers.

Fishing is also an important industry in the Bahamas, with the country's location providing a rich fishing ground. The Bahamian government has implemented various initiatives and regulations to ensure the sustainability of the fishing industry, including the establishment of marine protected areas and the implementation of fishing quotas.


Foods and Fruits:

The cuisine of the Bahamas is influenced by African, European, and Caribbean flavors. Seafood is a staple in the Bahamian diet, and dishes like conch salad, fried fish, and lobster are popular. Other common dishes include rice and peas, plantains, cassava, and johnnycake, a type of cornbread. Some popular desserts include guava duff, a sweet pastry made with guava and served with rum sauce, and coconut tart. As for fruits, the Bahamas is known for its abundant supply of tropical fruits, such as mangoes, papayas, pineapples, and passion fruit.



The Bahamas has a well-developed healthcare system, with both public and private hospitals and clinics. The Ministry of Health is responsible for overseeing the delivery of healthcare services and programs throughout the country.

The country has several hospitals, including the Princess Margaret Hospital in Nassau, which is the largest hospital in the country, and the Rand Memorial Hospital in Freeport. There are also a number of private medical facilities and clinics throughout the islands.

In recent years, the government has taken steps to improve the country's health sector, including investing in new medical equipment and facilities and expanding access to healthcare services in underserved areas.


Natural Resources:

The Bahamas has several natural resources, including salt, aragonite, timber, and arable land.

Salt: The country has a significant salt industry, with salt ponds located on several islands, including Inagua, Crooked Island, and Long Island. The industry is a major employer and contributes significantly to the economy.

Aragonite: The Bahamas is also home to one of the world's largest deposits of aragonite, a type of calcium carbonate used in the manufacture of cement, as a soil conditioner, and in the production of glass and ceramics.

Timber: The Bahamas has a small forestry sector, with pine trees grown for commercial use.

Arable land: Although the country is not known for its agriculture, there is some arable land suitable for farming, including on Andros Island, where citrus fruits, vegetables, and rice are grown.

The country's waters are also home to a diverse range of marine life, including fish, conch, lobster, and crawfish, which support a thriving fishing industry.


Forest and Biodiversity:

The Bahamas has a diverse range of ecosystems, including mangrove swamps, pine forests, and coral reefs. However, much of the natural vegetation has been cleared for agriculture and development, resulting in significant loss of biodiversity. Efforts are underway to protect and restore some of the remaining natural areas.

The Bahamas is also home to a variety of animal species, including several endemic species such as the Bahama woodstar hummingbird, the Bahama yellowthroat bird, and the Bahama swallowtail butterfly. The coral reefs surrounding the islands are particularly important for biodiversity, supporting a vast array of fish, invertebrates, and other marine life.

There are also several national parks and protected areas in the Bahamas, including the Exuma Cays Land and Sea Park, which was the first marine fishery reserve in the Caribbean. The Bahamas National Trust is responsible for managing these protected areas and works to promote conservation and sustainable use of the country's natural resources.


Mountains and Hills:

The Bahamas is an archipelago of islands located in the Atlantic Ocean and does not have any significant mountains or hills. The highest point in the country is Mount Alvernia on Cat Island, which stands at just over 200 feet (63 meters) tall. The majority of the islands are relatively flat and low-lying, with some areas featuring rocky cliffs and limestone formations. The natural beauty of the islands includes pristine beaches, crystal-clear waters, and diverse marine life. The Bahamas is a popular destination for scuba diving, snorkeling, and other water-based activities.


Rivers and Sea:

The Bahamas is an archipelago of 700 islands and more than 2,000 cays, located in the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The country is surrounded by crystal-clear turquoise waters, with an extensive coastline stretching over 3,000 kilometers. The islands of the Bahamas are situated on a shallow carbonate platform, with no significant rivers or lakes. The island chain is home to the Tongue of the Ocean, a deep water-filled trench that separates the Andros and New Providence islands. The sea surrounding the Bahamas is rich in marine biodiversity, including coral reefs, seagrass beds, and mangrove forests, which support a wide range of marine life. The waters are also home to several species of sharks, dolphins, sea turtles, and a variety of fish. The Bahamas is a popular destination for water-based activities such as snorkeling, scuba diving, fishing, and boating.


Hospitality and Tourism:

Tourism is the main industry in the Bahamas, accounting for more than 50% of the country's GDP. The country's natural beauty, warm climate, and clear waters make it a popular destination for tourists from around the world. The Bahamas has many world-class resorts, hotels, and restaurants, as well as a range of cultural and historic attractions.

The capital city of Nassau is a popular destination, with its colonial architecture, museums, and shopping. The island of Grand Bahama is also a major tourist destination, known for its beaches, golf courses, and casinos. Other popular islands include Eleuthera, Harbour Island, and Andros.

Tourists can enjoy a variety of activities in the Bahamas, including water sports such as diving, snorkeling, and fishing. The Bahamas is also home to many natural wonders, including the world's third-largest barrier reef, the Andros Barrier Reef, as well as numerous blue holes and underwater caves.

The country also has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from Africa, Europe, and the Caribbean. Visitors can explore local traditions and music, as well as enjoy local cuisine, which features seafood and tropical fruits.


Top Destinations:

The Bahamas is a popular tourist destination, known for its beautiful beaches, crystal-clear waters, and vibrant marine life. Some of the top destinations in the Bahamas include:

  1. Nassau: The capital city of the Bahamas, Nassau is located on the island of New Providence. It is known for its colonial architecture, duty-free shopping, and bustling markets.

  2. Paradise Island: Connected to Nassau by a bridge, Paradise Island is home to some of the Bahamas' most luxurious resorts and casinos. It also has a world-famous water park, Aquaventure, and is home to the renowned Atlantis Paradise Island resort.

  3. Grand Bahama Island: The second-largest island in the Bahamas, Grand Bahama is known for its beautiful beaches, national parks, and cultural attractions such as the Rand Nature Center and the Port Lucaya Marketplace.

  4. The Exumas: A chain of islands located southeast of Nassau, the Exumas are known for their secluded beaches, crystal-clear waters, and abundance of marine life. They are popular with boaters and snorkelers.

  5. Bimini: A small island chain located west of Nassau, Bimini is known for its world-class fishing and diving opportunities. It is also believed to be the inspiration for Ernest Hemingway's novel "The Old Man and the Sea."

  6. Andros Island: The largest island in the Bahamas, Andros is known for its ecotourism opportunities, including bird watching, kayaking, and hiking. It is also home to the world's third-largest barrier reef.


Top Universities:

The Bahamas is a small island nation with a population of just over 400,000 people. As such, it has a limited number of universities, but there are still a few notable institutions of higher education in the country. Here are some of the top universities in the Bahamas:

  1. The College of The Bahamas: The College of The Bahamas is the national university of the Bahamas and the largest tertiary-level educational institution in the country. It was established in 1974 and offers a range of undergraduate and graduate programs in fields such as business, education, natural sciences, and social sciences.

  2. University of the West Indies Open Campus Bahamas: The University of the West Indies (UWI) is a regional university with campuses across the Caribbean. The Open Campus in the Bahamas offers a range of undergraduate and graduate programs in fields such as education, social sciences, and business.

  3. The Bahamas Technical and Vocational Institute (BTVI): The BTVI is a technical and vocational training institution that offers a range of certificate and diploma programs in fields such as automotive technology, hospitality and tourism management, and information technology.

  4. The American University of the Caribbean School of Medicine: The American University of the Caribbean (AUC) School of Medicine has a campus in Nassau, Bahamas. It is a private, for-profit medical school that offers a range of medical programs.


National Days:

The Bahamas celebrates a number of national days throughout the year, including:

  1. New Year's Day - January 1st
  2. Majority Rule Day - January 10th: This day commemorates the day in 1967 when The Bahamas achieved majority rule, paving the way for full independence from Britain.
  3. Good Friday - The Friday before Easter Sunday.
  4. Easter Monday - The day after Easter Sunday.
  5. Labour Day - The first Friday in June: This day celebrates the contributions of workers to the economy and society of The Bahamas.
  6. Independence Day - July 10th: This day marks the anniversary of The Bahamas gaining full independence from Britain in 1973.
  7. Emancipation Day - August 1st: This day commemorates the abolition of slavery in The Bahamas in 1834.
  8. National Heroes Day - October 8th: This day honors the country's national heroes, including Sir Lynden Pindling, the first Prime Minister of The Bahamas, and other figures who played a significant role in the country's history and development.
  9. Christmas Day - December 25th
  10. Boxing Day - December 26th


Popular Leaders:

The Bahamas is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, with the monarch of the United Kingdom serving as the titular head of state. The Prime Minister is the head of government and is responsible for running the country's affairs. Here are some of the popular leaders of the Bahamas:

  1. Sir Lynden O. Pindling: He was the first black premier of the Bahamas, serving as the leader of the country from 1967 to 1992. Pindling played a major role in the country's struggle for independence and worked to promote economic development and social progress.

  2. Hubert Ingraham: He served as the Prime Minister of the Bahamas from 1992 to 2002 and again from 2007 to 2012. Ingraham was known for his efforts to promote economic growth and attract foreign investment to the country.

  3. Perry Christie: He served as the Prime Minister of the Bahamas from 2002 to 2007 and again from 2012 to 2017. Christie was focused on promoting economic development, improving education, and reducing poverty.

  4. Dr. Hubert Minnis: He is the current Prime Minister of the Bahamas, having taken office in 2017. Minnis has prioritized improving the country's infrastructure, promoting renewable energy, and expanding tourism.



The Bahamas is a small island nation in the Caribbean, and it has not produced many scientists of international renown. However, there are some notable Bahamian scientists who have made significant contributions to their respective fields, including:

  1. Etienne Dupuch Jr.: He was a marine biologist and environmentalist who founded the Bahamas National Trust, a non-profit organization dedicated to protecting the country's natural resources. He is also known for his research on coral reefs and his efforts to promote sustainable fishing practices.

  2. Timothy McCartney Taylor: He is a marine geologist and oceanographer who has conducted extensive research on the geology and oceanography of the Bahamas. He is particularly known for his work on the formation of blue holes, which are deep underwater sinkholes found throughout the Bahamas.

  3. M. Patricia Morse: She is an archaeologist who has conducted extensive research on the pre-Columbian history of the Bahamas. Her work has focused on the Lucayan people, who were the indigenous inhabitants of the Bahamas before European colonization.

  4. Michael Gomez: He is a historian who has written extensively on the history of the African diaspora, with a particular focus on the Caribbean. His book "Exchanging Our Country Marks: The Transformation of African Identities in the Colonial and Antebellum South" is considered a seminal work in the field.


Writers and Poets:

The Bahamas has a rich cultural heritage and a growing literary tradition. Here are some notable Bahamian writers and poets:

  1. Marion Bethel: A poet and playwright known for her work exploring issues of gender, race, and identity in the Bahamas. Her collections include "Guinea Women" and "Bougainvillea Ringplay."

  2. Patricia Glinton-Meicholas: A writer and cultural advocate known for her poetry and non-fiction writing about Bahamian history and culture. She is the author of "An Evening in Guanima" and "To Shoot Hard Labour."

  3. Obediah Michael Smith: A poet, playwright, and scholar known for his contributions to the development of Bahamian literature. His collections include "Climbin' Up the Family Tree" and "Bahamian Rhapsody."

  4. Telcine Turner: A poet and playwright known for her work exploring the experiences of women and the African diaspora. Her collections include "Carnival of Psyche" and "Ligeia: A Dark Tale of the Sea."

  5. Ian Strachan: A novelist and playwright known for his works exploring the complexities of Bahamian society and history. His novels include "God's Angry Babies" and "Is This Your First War?"