Brief information

General Information

Official Name: Barbados
Short Name: BB
Continent: North America


Calling Code: +1-246
Capital City: Bridgetown
Domain: .bb


Area(Sqre/KM): 430 SqKM
Population: About 287375 as of 2023
Population Density: 668.31
Population By Religion:


Nationality: Barbadians


Currency: Dollar
Latitude: 13.193887
Longitude: -59.543198


Lanugages: English (official), Bajan (English-based creole language, widely spoken in informal settings)

Intesting facts

Here are some interesting facts about Barbados:

  1. Barbados is the easternmost island in the Caribbean.

  2. The island was named after the Portuguese word "Os Barbados," which means "the bearded ones." This was in reference to the island's fig trees, whose aerial roots resemble beards.

  3. Barbados is the birthplace of rum, which was first distilled on the island in the 17th century.

  4. Barbados was once a British colony and gained its independence on November 30, 1966.

  5. The national dish of Barbados is cou-cou and flying fish, a dish made with cornmeal and okra, served with fried flying fish.

  6. Barbados has a literacy rate of nearly 100%, one of the highest in the world.

  7. The island is home to over 100 species of birds, including the Barbados bullfinch, which is the national bird.

  8. Barbados is the smallest country to ever qualify for the FIFA World Cup.

  9. Barbados has been recognized as having one of the best healthcare systems in the Caribbean.

  10. The island is a popular tourist destination, known for its beautiful beaches, crystal-clear waters, and vibrant nightlife.

About Barbados

Barbados is a small island nation located in the eastern Caribbean Sea. It is a member of the Commonwealth and has close ties with the United Kingdom. The island is famous for its white sandy beaches, crystal-clear waters, and vibrant culture. The official language is English, and the currency is the Barbadian dollar. The island has a rich history, with evidence of indigenous settlement dating back to at least 1,500 BCE. The island was later colonized by the English in the 17th century and became a British colony until its independence in 1966. Today, Barbados is known for its tourism industry, offshore banking, and sugar production.


Barbados is a relatively small island nation, and as such, it has no distinct cities. However, there are a few towns and urban areas that are popular tourist destinations and centers of commerce. The most significant towns in Barbados include:

  1. Bridgetown: Bridgetown is the capital city of Barbados and is located on the southwestern coast of the island. It is the largest city in Barbados and serves as the center of commerce, government, and culture.

  2. Holetown: Holetown is a popular tourist destination and is located on the western coast of the island. It is known for its stunning beaches and luxury resorts.

  3. Oistins: Oistins is a fishing town located on the southern coast of Barbados. It is famous for its Friday night fish fry, where visitors can enjoy delicious seafood and live music.

  4. Speightstown: Speightstown is a historic town located on the northwestern coast of Barbados. It is known for its colonial-era architecture and museums.



Barbados is an island nation in the Caribbean, located in the Lesser Antilles. The island was first inhabited by Amerindians, before being discovered by the Portuguese in the late 15th century. In 1625, the English arrived and established a colony on the island, which remained under British rule for over 300 years.

During the colonial period, Barbados became a major producer of sugar and was known as "Little England" due to its close ties to Britain. Slavery was also a major part of the island's history, with the majority of the population being enslaved Africans who worked on the sugar plantations.

Barbados gained its independence from Britain in 1966 and became a parliamentary democracy. Since then, it has developed a diversified economy and has become a popular tourist destination known for its beaches, historic sites, and vibrant culture.



Barbados is a small island country located in the Caribbean region, covering an area of approximately 432 square kilometers (167 square miles). It is situated in the western part of the North Atlantic Ocean, to the east of the Windward Islands and the Caribbean Sea. Barbados is part of the Lesser Antilles archipelago and is the easternmost of the Caribbean islands.

The island is relatively flat with a highest point of 336 meters (1,102 feet) at Mount Hillaby in the center of the island. Barbados is surrounded by coral reefs and has numerous beaches, which are a major attraction for tourists. The island is also known for its lush vegetation, which includes tropical plants such as palm trees, mangroves, and bougainvillea.

The climate in Barbados is tropical, with warm temperatures and high humidity throughout the year. The rainy season runs from June to November, with the hurricane season occurring between June and October. Despite the threat of hurricanes, Barbados is not often hit directly due to its location in the southern part of the Caribbean.


Environment and Weather:

Barbados has a tropical climate with two main seasons: the wet season from June to November and the dry season from December to May. The island experiences warm temperatures year-round, with average highs ranging from 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

Barbados is situated in the Atlantic hurricane belt, and hurricanes and tropical storms can occur between June and November. However, Barbados has a relatively low risk of direct hits from hurricanes due to its position in the eastern Caribbean. The island is also susceptible to occasional droughts, which can affect agriculture and water supplies.



Barbados has a population of approximately 287,000 people as of 2021. The population is predominantly of African descent, with smaller populations of people of European, mixed, and East Indian ancestry. The capital and largest city of Barbados is Bridgetown, which is located on the southwestern coast of the island. Other major towns on the island include Speightstown, Oistins, and Holetown. The official language of Barbados is English, and the country has a high literacy rate of around 99%.


Art and Culture:

Barbados has a rich cultural heritage that is influenced by its history of colonialism and slavery, as well as its African and Caribbean roots. The island has a diverse arts scene, with many festivals, concerts, and exhibitions held throughout the year.

One of the most popular cultural events in Barbados is the Crop Over festival, which is held annually from June to August. This festival celebrates the end of the sugar cane harvest and features a wide range of events, including calypso music competitions, parades, and street parties.

Music is an integral part of Barbadian culture, with styles such as calypso, soca, and reggae being popular. Some of the island's most famous musicians include Rihanna, who was born and raised in Barbados, and the calypso singer Mighty Gabby.

Barbados also has a thriving literary scene, with several well-known authors hailing from the island. These include George Lamming, Kamau Brathwaite, and Austin Clarke. The island's National Cultural Foundation sponsors a range of programs and initiatives to support and promote the arts and culture of Barbados.



Barbados has a relatively high literacy rate, with an estimated 99.7% of the population being literate. Education in Barbados is free and compulsory for children between the ages of 5 and 16. The education system follows the British model and includes primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of education. The country has a number of primary and secondary schools, both public and private, as well as a university and several other tertiary-level institutions.

The University of the West Indies, which has a campus in Barbados, is the country's main tertiary-level institution. Other notable tertiary-level institutions in Barbados include Barbados Community College, the Samuel Jackman Prescod Polytechnic, and the Cave Hill School of Business.


Business and Economy:

Barbados has a relatively small economy, which is heavily reliant on tourism and services. According to the World Bank, in 2020, Barbados had a GDP of approximately USD 5.1 billion. The government has implemented policies to encourage foreign investment, and the country has a reputation as a stable and business-friendly environment.

The tourism sector is the largest contributor to the economy, accounting for approximately 40% of the GDP and providing employment to a significant portion of the population. The island has a reputation for its beaches, crystal-clear waters, and cultural events. Barbados also has a well-developed offshore financial services sector and has positioned itself as a hub for international business and financial services.

The agricultural sector is small but still contributes to the economy. The main crops grown in Barbados include sugarcane, vegetables, and fruits, with sugar being the largest export. In recent years, the government has been promoting the development of the information and communication technology sector, with the goal of diversifying the economy and attracting foreign investment.



Barbados has a well-developed agricultural sector, which has played an important role in the country's economy. The main crops grown in Barbados include sugarcane, which has traditionally been the country's most important crop, as well as vegetables, fruits, and livestock.

In the past, Barbados was known for its sugar plantations, which were worked by enslaved Africans brought over by Europeans. While the sugar industry is no longer the dominant force it once was, it remains an important part of the agricultural sector. Other crops grown in Barbados include sweet potatoes, yams, cassava, and breadfruit, as well as a variety of fruits such as mangoes, pineapples, and bananas.


Foods and Fruits:

Barbadian cuisine is a fusion of African, Indian, and British culinary traditions. Some popular dishes in Barbados include flying fish (a national dish), cou-cou (a cornmeal and okra dish), fish cakes, macaroni pie, and rice and peas.

In terms of fruits, Barbados is known for its many varieties of mangoes, including Julie mangoes, East Indian mangoes, and Bajan Black mangoes. Other popular fruits include guava, pineapple, papaya, and passionfruit. Barbados is also known for its rum, which is made from locally grown sugar cane.



Barbados has a relatively well-developed health sector, with a mix of public and private healthcare facilities. The Barbados Ministry of Health oversees the delivery of public healthcare services on the island, while the private sector includes private hospitals, clinics, and doctors’ offices.

Barbados has made significant strides in improving public health over the years, including the introduction of a National Non-Communicable Diseases Commission in 2014, which seeks to address the growing problem of chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease.


Natural Resources:

Barbados is a small island nation in the Caribbean Sea, and its natural resources are limited. However, the country has some natural resources that contribute to its economy:

  1. Oil: Barbados has some limited reserves of oil and natural gas, which are used to meet the country's energy needs.

  2. Arable Land: The country has a relatively large amount of arable land, which is used for agriculture, including the production of sugarcane, vegetables, and fruits.

  3. Fisheries: Barbados has a rich fishing ground, which is a significant source of food and income for the country.

  4. Renewable Energy: Barbados is investing in renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, and biomass, to reduce its dependence on imported fossil fuels.

  5. Minerals: Barbados has some deposits of clay, limestone, and sand, which are used in construction and manufacturing.


Forest and Biodiversity:

Barbados has relatively limited forested areas, with only around 10% of the land area covered by forests. The island is predominantly made up of scrubland, grasslands, and urban areas. The government has been working to preserve the remaining natural areas, including the Graeme Hall Nature Sanctuary, which is the largest inland wetland in the country and is home to a variety of bird and animal species. The island is also home to a number of marine parks and protected areas that help to preserve its coral reefs and underwater ecosystems.

Despite its small size, Barbados has a rich diversity of flora and fauna. There are over 600 species of plants on the island, including several endemic species, and the island is home to over 200 species of birds, including the endemic Barbados Bullfinch. The surrounding waters are home to a wide variety of marine life, including sea turtles, dolphins, and numerous species of fish and coral. However, like many small island nations, Barbados faces a number of environmental challenges, including deforestation, soil erosion, and the effects of climate change.


Mountains and Hills:

Barbados is a relatively flat island nation in the eastern Caribbean, and it does not have any mountains or hills. The island's highest point is Mount Hillaby, which stands at only 340 meters (1,120 feet) tall. While Barbados may not have towering peaks, it is known for its beautiful beaches, turquoise waters, and coral reefs, which attract visitors from all over the world. The island is also home to several caves and underground lakes, such as Harrison's Cave, which offer unique natural experiences for tourists.


Rivers and Sea:

Barbados is a small Caribbean island nation, and it is located in the Atlantic Ocean, east of the Caribbean Sea. The island is relatively flat, with a highest point of only 336 meters above sea level. Barbados is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east coast, and the Caribbean Sea on the west coast.

There are no significant rivers in Barbados, but there are a few streams that flow across the island. The most important of these streams is the Constitution River, which flows through the capital city of Bridgetown.

The sea around Barbados is a major part of the island's economy, as it provides an abundance of fish and seafood for the local population and for export. The waters around Barbados are also a popular destination for tourists, who come to enjoy the island's beautiful beaches, clear waters, and water sports such as snorkeling and scuba diving.


Hospitality and Tourism:

Barbados is a popular tourist destination, known for its beautiful beaches, warm climate, and vibrant culture. The country has a well-developed tourism industry and attracts visitors from all over the world. The hospitality and tourism industry is a major contributor to the Barbadian economy, providing employment and generating revenue for the country.

Tourists can enjoy a range of activities in Barbados, such as swimming, snorkeling, and diving in the crystal-clear waters of the Caribbean Sea, as well as exploring the island's rich cultural heritage.


Top Destinations:

Barbados is a popular tourist destination and is known for its beautiful beaches, warm climate, and rich culture. Here are some of the top destinations to visit in Barbados:

  1. Bridgetown - The capital city of Barbados, Bridgetown is known for its historical landmarks, shopping, and nightlife.

  2. Harrison's Cave - This natural wonder is a limestone cave system that features underground streams, waterfalls, and pools.

  3. Bathsheba - Located on the east coast of the island, Bathsheba is a popular spot for surfers and beachgoers.

  4. Crane Beach - This pink-sand beach is considered one of the most beautiful beaches in the world and is a popular spot for swimming and sunbathing.

  5. Animal Flower Cave - This sea cave located on the northern coast of the island is named after the sea anemones that live in its pools.

  6. St. Nicholas Abbey - This historic plantation house dates back to the 17th century and offers visitors a glimpse into the island's colonial past.

  7. Andromeda Botanic Gardens - This botanical garden features a collection of exotic plants and is a great place for nature lovers to explore.

  8. Oistins Fish Fry - This weekly event in the fishing village of Oistins is a popular gathering spot for locals and tourists alike and features live music and fresh seafood.

  9. Carlisle Bay - This picturesque bay is a popular spot for water sports such as snorkeling and diving, and is also home to the historic shipwreck SS Stavronikita.

  10. Mount Gay Rum Distillery - This historic distillery offers tours and tastings of the island's famous rum and is a great place to learn about the history and culture of Barbados.


Top Universities:

Barbados has several universities and higher education institutions, including:

  1. The University of the West Indies - Cave Hill Campus: Located in Bridgetown, this is the main campus of the University of the West Indies (UWI) and offers undergraduate and graduate programs in a variety of fields, including law, medicine, and engineering.

  2. Barbados Community College: This is a public community college located in Bridgetown, which offers associate degree programs in fields such as nursing, tourism, and information technology.

  3. Codrington College: This is a private, Anglican theological college located in St. John, which offers undergraduate and graduate programs in theology and related fields.

  4. Ross University School of Medicine: This is a private medical school located in Bridgetown, which offers a Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree program.

  5. Bridgetown International University: This is a private institution located in Bridgetown, which offers undergraduate and graduate degree programs in fields such as business, nursing, and public health.

  6. American University of Barbados: This is a private medical school located in Wildey, which offers a Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree program.

  7. The Samuel Jackman Prescod Polytechnic: This is a public polytechnic located in Bridgetown, which offers certificate, diploma, and degree programs in technical and vocational fields.


National Days:

Barbados celebrates several national days throughout the year, including:

  1. Independence Day: Celebrated on November 30th each year to mark the country's independence from Britain in 1966. It is a public holiday, and celebrations include parades, concerts, and cultural performances.

  2. Errol Barrow Day: Celebrated on January 21st each year to honor the memory of the country's first Prime Minister, Errol Barrow. It is a public holiday, and events include wreath-laying ceremonies and cultural performances.

  3. National Heroes Day: Celebrated on April 28th each year to honor the country's national heroes. It is a public holiday, and events include a national parade and the laying of wreaths at the tombs of the heroes.

  4. Crop Over Festival: A two-month-long celebration that takes place from June to August and marks the end of the sugar cane harvest season. It is a colorful and vibrant festival that features music, dance, food, and cultural events.

  5. Kadooment Day: The grand finale of the Crop Over Festival, which takes place on the first Monday in August. It is a public holiday, and the day features a parade of colorful costumes, music, and dance.

  6. Emancipation Day: Celebrated on August 1st each year to mark the abolition of slavery in Barbados in 1834. It is a public holiday, and events include cultural performances and ceremonies.


Popular Leaders:

Barbados is a parliamentary democracy, and the Prime Minister is the head of government. Here are some of the popular leaders of Barbados:

  1. Errol Barrow - He is considered as the father of Barbados' independence, having served as the country's first Prime Minister from 1966 to 1976. Barrow was a strong advocate for regional unity and played a significant role in the formation of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).

  2. Sir Lloyd Erskine Sandiford - He served as the Prime Minister of Barbados from 1987 to 1994. During his tenure, Sandiford implemented several economic reforms, including the introduction of the value-added tax (VAT) and the privatization of several state-owned enterprises.

  3. Owen Arthur - He served as the Prime Minister of Barbados from 1994 to 2008. Arthur was instrumental in the modernization of Barbados' economy, and his policies helped to stimulate growth in several key sectors, including tourism, international business, and financial services.

  4. Mia Mottley - She is the current Prime Minister of Barbados, having assumed office in 2018. Mottley is the first female Prime Minister in the country's history, and she has been a strong advocate for regional integration and climate change action.

  5. Sir Garfield Sobers - He is widely regarded as one of the greatest cricketers of all time, and he is a national hero in Barbados. Sobers played for the West Indies cricket team from 1954 to 1974, and he was the first player to hit six sixes in an over in first-class cricket. He was also knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1975 for his services to cricket.



Barbados has a relatively small scientific community, but it has produced several notable scientists in various fields.

One prominent Barbadian scientist is Dr. Cardinal Warde, a professor of electrical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Dr. Warde has made significant contributions to the fields of semiconductor devices and optoelectronics, and he has received numerous awards for his work, including the National Society of Black Engineers' Golden Torch Award.

Another notable scientist from Barbados is Dr. Henry Fraser, an archaeologist and historian who has made significant contributions to the study of Barbadian history and culture. Dr. Fraser has written several books on the subject, and he has been instrumental in preserving many of Barbados' historical landmarks and artifacts.

In the field of marine biology, Dr. Hazel Oxenford is a leading expert on the management of fishery resources in the Caribbean. Dr. Oxenford has worked extensively with regional fisheries organizations, and she has been recognized for her contributions to sustainable fisheries management in the Caribbean.

Dr. Justin Robinson, a Barbadian chemist, is another notable scientist who has made significant contributions to his field. Dr. Robinson's research focuses on the synthesis of complex molecules, and he has developed new methods for creating compounds with potential applications in medicine and materials science.


Writers and Poets:

Barbados has a rich literary tradition, with a number of notable writers and poets. One of the most famous is George Lamming, who is known for his novels and essays that explore themes of colonialism, identity, and Caribbean culture. He was born in Barbados in 1927 and went on to study at a university in England before returning to the Caribbean to work as a teacher and writer.

Another well-known writer from Barbados is Kamau Brathwaite, who is known for his poetry and his exploration of Caribbean identity and culture. He has won numerous awards for his work, including the Griffin Poetry Prize and the Neustadt International Prize for Literature.

Other notable writers and poets from Barbados include Paule Marshall, who is known for her novels that explore themes of race and gender; Austin Clarke, who is known for his poetry and his exploration of Caribbean culture; and Edward Kamau Brathwaite, who is known for his poetry and his work as a cultural theorist.