Brief information

General Information

Official Name: Belize
Short Name: BZ
Continent: North America


Calling Code: +501
Capital City: Belmopan
Domain: .bz


Area(Sqre/KM): 22810 SqKM
Population: About 397628 as of 2023
Population Density: 17.43
Population By Religion:


Nationality: Belizeans


Currency: Dollar
Latitude: 17.189877
Longitude: -88.49765


Lanugages: Spanish 46%, Creole 32.9%, Mayan dialects 8.9%, English 3.9% (official), Garifuna 3.4% (Carib), German 3.3%, other 1.4%, unknown 0.2% (2000 census)

Intesting facts

Here are some interesting facts about Belize:

  1. Belize is the only Central American country where English is the official language.
  2. Belize is home to the world's second-largest barrier reef, the Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  3. The Great Blue Hole, a giant underwater sinkhole off the coast of Belize, is one of the world's top diving destinations.
  4. Belize has the lowest population density in Central America, with just 16 people per square kilometer.
  5. Belize is the only country in Central America without a Pacific coastline.
  6. The Belizean dollar is fixed to the U.S. dollar at a rate of 2:1.
  7. Belize is home to many ancient Maya ruins, including the famous site of Xunantunich.
  8. Belize is one of the few countries in the world with jaguars in the wild.
  9. The tapir, Belize's national animal, can be found in the country's forests and is one of the largest land mammals in Central and South America.
  10. Belize is a popular destination for eco-tourism, offering a variety of activities such as hiking, birdwatching, and snorkeling.

About Belize

Belize is a small country located in Central America, bordered by Mexico to the north, Guatemala to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. It was formerly known as British Honduras and gained independence from Britain in 1981. Belize has a diverse population with a mix of Maya, Creole, Mestizo, Garifuna, East Indian, Chinese, and European descendants. The official language is English, and the country has a rich cultural heritage with influences from its indigenous people, colonial history, and Afro-Caribbean traditions. The country is known for its natural beauty, including the Belize Barrier Reef, the second-largest coral reef system in the world, and its lush rainforests, Mayan ruins, and diverse wildlife.


Belize is a small country in Central America, and its population is concentrated mainly in a few urban areas. The top cities in Belize are:

  1. Belize City - The largest city in Belize, located on the east coast of the country and the former capital.

  2. Belmopan - The current capital city of Belize, located in the center of the country.

  3. San Ignacio - A town in western Belize near the Guatemalan border and popular for its eco-tourism opportunities.

  4. Orange Walk - A town in northern Belize that is known for its sugar industry and cultural diversity.

  5. Corozal - A town in northern Belize near the Mexican border and known for its Mayan ruins and seaside resorts.

  6. Dangriga - A coastal town in southern Belize known for its Garifuna culture and music.

  7. Punta Gorda - A town in southern Belize near the border with Guatemala and known for its natural beauty and laid-back atmosphere.

  8. San Pedro - A town located on the island of Ambergris Caye and known for its beaches, water sports, and vibrant nightlife.

  9. Benque Viejo del Carmen - A small town in western Belize near the Guatemalan border and known for its Mayan ruins and natural beauty.

  10. Santa Elena - A town in western Belize near the Guatemalan border and known for its eco-tourism and access to the Chiquibul National Park.



Belize was originally inhabited by the Maya civilization, who established several city-states throughout the region. The Spanish arrived in the 16th century and claimed the territory as part of their New World empire. They named it "British Honduras" after the Bay of Honduras, which was nearby.

In the 19th century, British settlers arrived and established a colony, which was officially named British Honduras in 1862. Belize became an independent country in 1981, but it has retained close ties with the United Kingdom, and the Queen of England is still the country's head of state.

Belize has a diverse population, including Mayan, Creole, Mestizo, Garifuna, and other ethnic groups. The country's economy has traditionally been based on agriculture, but in recent years, tourism has become increasingly important. The country is known for its stunning natural beauty, including coral reefs, tropical rainforests, and ancient Mayan ruins.



Belize is a small Central American country located on the Caribbean coast. It shares borders with Mexico to the north and Guatemala to the west and south. The country has a total area of approximately 22,960 square kilometers, making it the 13th smallest country in the Americas.

The topography of Belize is characterized by low, flat plains in the north and west, with the Maya Mountains rising to over 1,100 meters in the south. The country has a coastline stretching for 386 kilometers, with a large number of offshore islands, including the popular tourist destination of Ambergris Caye.

Belize also has a diverse range of ecosystems, including tropical forests, wetlands, mangrove swamps, and coral reefs. The Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is the largest barrier reef in the Northern Hemisphere, spanning over 300 kilometers along the coast of Belize.


Environment and Weather:

Belize has a tropical climate with two distinct seasons: a rainy season from May to November and a dry season from February to May. Temperatures typically range between 75°F (24°C) and 85°F (29°C) throughout the year, although it can get much hotter during heat waves. The country is located in an area that is prone to hurricanes, with the hurricane season running from June to November. Belize is also home to a diverse range of ecosystems, including coral reefs, mangrove swamps, rainforests, and savannas, which support a rich variety of plant and animal life. However, deforestation, pollution, and overfishing are significant environmental issues facing Belize.



As of 2021, the estimated population of Belize is around 408,000 people. The country has a diverse population consisting of several ethnic groups, including Mestizo, Maya, Creole, Garifuna, East Indian, and Mennonite. The official language is English, but Spanish and several indigenous languages are also widely spoken. Belize has a relatively young population, with a median age of around 24 years old.

Belize has experienced steady population growth over the years, although this growth rate has slowed down in recent years. The majority of the population resides in urban areas, with the largest city being Belize City, followed by the capital city of Belmopan. The country has a high urbanization rate, with around 46% of the population living in urban areas.


Art and Culture:

Belize has a rich and diverse culture that is influenced by its history and various ethnic groups. The country is home to several indigenous groups, including the Maya, who have a deep connection to the land and are known for their impressive architecture, artwork, and traditions.

Belizean culture is also influenced by its African, European, and Mestizo roots. African influences are particularly evident in the country's music, dance, and cuisine, while European influences are evident in the country's architecture and religious traditions. Mestizo culture, which is a blend of Spanish and Native American traditions, is also a prominent part of Belizean culture.

One of the most important cultural events in Belize is the annual Carnival, which is celebrated throughout the country in September. This vibrant event features colorful parades, music, dancing, and a variety of other festivities.

Belizean cuisine is a fusion of various cultures, with influences from Caribbean, Mexican, and Mayan cuisine. Some of the most popular dishes include rice and beans, fry jacks, tamales, and seafood.

The country is also home to a thriving arts and music scene. Belizean music is influenced by a variety of genres, including reggae, calypso, soca, and punta, a traditional Garifuna music style. Belizean art is also diverse, with a range of styles and mediums, including paintings, sculptures, and textiles.



Belize has made significant progress in the education sector over the past few decades. The literacy rate in Belize is estimated to be around 79%. Education in Belize is mandatory between the ages of 5 and 14, with primary education lasting for 6 years and secondary education for another 4 years. The country has both public and private schools.

Belize has a few tertiary education institutions, such as the University of Belize, which offers associate degrees and bachelor's degrees in various fields of study. The country also has vocational and technical schools that provide education and training in fields such as tourism, agriculture, and business.

In recent years, the Belizean government has made efforts to increase access to education for all, especially in rural areas. However, challenges such as poverty, inadequate funding, and a shortage of qualified teachers remain a concern.


Business and Economy:

Belize is a small, developing country with an economy that is heavily dependent on tourism and agriculture. The service sector, which includes tourism and other services such as telecommunications and financial services, accounts for about 60% of the country's GDP. Agriculture, primarily sugar, citrus, and bananas, accounts for about 12% of GDP, while fishing and forestry contribute around 2%.

Belize has made some progress in recent years in attracting foreign investment and diversifying its economy. The government has implemented a number of measures to encourage investment, including tax incentives and streamlined regulations. The country has also been working to develop its oil and gas sector, although this has been controversial due to concerns about the environmental impact of drilling.



Agriculture plays a vital role in the economy of Belize, as it is the second-largest export sector after tourism. About a third of the country's land is used for agriculture, including both subsistence and commercial farming.

The primary crops grown in Belize are sugarcane, bananas, citrus fruits, and vegetables. Other important agricultural products include coconuts, cocoa, coffee, and grains such as corn and rice. Livestock production, particularly for beef and dairy, is also an important sector.

Belize's government has implemented various policies and programs to support the agricultural sector, including providing technical assistance and subsidies to farmers, promoting organic agriculture, and encouraging diversification of crops. However, challenges such as climate change, pests and diseases, and limited access to financing and markets continue to impact the sector.


Foods and Fruits:

Belize is known for its diverse cuisine, which reflects its multicultural history and influences from various ethnic groups, including Maya, Garifuna, Mestizo, and Creole. Some of the popular foods in Belize include:

  1. Rice and beans: This is the national dish of Belize, which is a combination of red beans and rice cooked in coconut milk.

  2. Fry jacks: These are deep-fried dough balls that are often served with honey or jam for breakfast.

  3. Tamales: These are corn-based dough filled with meat or beans, wrapped in banana leaves and steamed.

  4. Conch fritters: These are deep-fried balls of conch meat mixed with flour and spices.

  5. Stew chicken: This is a popular Creole dish made with chicken, tomatoes, onions, and spices.

  6. Hudut: This is a Garifuna dish made with fish, coconut milk, and plantains.

In addition, Belize is also known for its delicious fruits such as mangoes, papayas, pineapples, bananas, and coconuts. The country's tropical climate makes it an ideal place for growing fruits all year round.



Belize has a public healthcare system, which is complemented by private healthcare services. The Ministry of Health is responsible for managing the public healthcare system, which includes hospitals, clinics, and health centers. There are four public hospitals in Belize, located in Belize City, Orange Walk, San Ignacio, and Dangriga. In addition, there are several private hospitals and clinics throughout the country.

The health sector in Belize has made significant progress over the years in improving the overall health of the population. The life expectancy at birth is 74.6 years, and the infant mortality rate is 12.6 deaths per 1,000 live births. The government has also implemented a number of programs to combat major public health issues such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria.

Belize has a relatively high incidence of non-communicable diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease, which are often linked to lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity.


Natural Resources:

Belize is rich in natural resources. Some of the major natural resources found in Belize are:

  1. Forests: Belize has a large amount of forest cover, accounting for about 60% of its land area. These forests are home to a diverse range of flora and fauna.

  2. Marine resources: Belize is located on the Caribbean Sea, which provides the country with abundant marine resources, including fish, lobsters, and conch.

  3. Minerals: Belize has small deposits of various minerals, including bauxite, gold, and limestone.

  4. Arable land: Belize has fertile soil and a warm climate, making it ideal for agriculture. The country grows a variety of crops, including sugarcane, bananas, citrus fruits, and vegetables.

  5. Water resources: Belize has a number of rivers and streams that provide water for agriculture, as well as for drinking and other domestic uses. The country also has a number of aquifers that provide underground water sources.

  6. Wildlife: Belize is home to a rich variety of wildlife, including jaguars, howler monkeys, tapirs, and numerous bird species. The country has a number of protected areas, including nature reserves and national parks, to preserve its wildlife and natural resources.


Forest and Biodiversity:

Belize has a rich diversity of flora and fauna, with over 40% of the country covered in forests. The country's dense forests include mahogany, cedar, and other hardwoods. The Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System, the largest coral reef system in the Northern Hemisphere, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to over 500 species of fish and 100 species of coral.

Belize is also home to a variety of wildlife, including jaguars, pumas, tapirs, monkeys, and a variety of birds. The Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as the Jaguar Preserve, is a protected area in Belize that is home to the world's densest population of jaguars. Other protected areas in Belize include the Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary, the Mountain Pine Ridge Forest Reserve, and the Chiquibul National Park.


Mountains and Hills:

Belize is a relatively flat country, and it does not have any significant mountain ranges. However, there are several hills and highlands throughout the country that offer scenic views and hiking opportunities. Here are some of the notable mountains and hills in Belize:

  1. Maya Mountains: The Maya Mountains are a range of low-lying mountains that run through central and southern Belize. They are home to some of the most extensive cave systems in the country, including the Actun Tunichil Muknal cave.

  2. Victoria Peak: At 1,120 meters (3,674 feet), Victoria Peak is the second-highest point in Belize. It is located in the Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary and is a popular hiking destination.

  3. Baldy Beacon: Baldy Beacon is a hill located in the Maya Mountains. It is a popular hiking destination and offers stunning views of the surrounding rainforest.

  4. Caracol: Caracol is a Mayan archaeological site located in the Cayo District. It is situated on a hill and is one of the largest Mayan sites in Belize.

  5. Cahal Pech: Cahal Pech is another Mayan archaeological site located on a hill in the Cayo District. It offers panoramic views of the surrounding countryside and is a popular tourist destination.

  6. Xunantunich: Xunantunich is a Mayan archaeological site located on a hill overlooking the Mopan River. It is famous for its impressive pyramids and stelae.


Rivers and Sea:

Belize is a small country located on the eastern coast of Central America, bordered by Mexico to the north, Guatemala to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. The country is home to several rivers and a beautiful coastline along the Caribbean Sea.

Some of the major rivers in Belize include the Belize River, which flows through the center of the country and empties into the Caribbean Sea near Belize City. Other significant rivers include the Sibun River, the Macal River, the Mopan River, and the New River. The rivers in Belize are important for transportation, irrigation, and hydroelectric power.

The coastline of Belize stretches for approximately 386 kilometers and is home to numerous coral reefs, cayes (small islands), and atolls. The Belize Barrier Reef is the second-largest coral reef system in the world and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The reef is home to a diverse range of marine life, including over 500 species of fish and hundreds of species of coral. Other notable features of the Belizean coastline include the Glover's Reef Atoll, the Turneffe Atoll, and the Lighthouse Reef Atoll, which is home to the famous Great Blue Hole, a popular diving site.

In addition to its rivers and coastline, Belize also has several other bodies of water, including lakes, lagoons, and swamps. Some of the notable water bodies in Belize include the Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary, which is home to a large population of migratory birds, and the Blue Hole National Park, which is home to the St. Herman's Cave and the Blue Hole, a popular swimming spot.


Hospitality and Tourism:

Belize is a popular tourist destination, known for its pristine beaches, coral reefs, and lush tropical forests. The country's hospitality and tourism industry is a major contributor to its economy. The government of Belize has taken steps to promote sustainable tourism practices that minimize the impact on the country's natural resources.

Tourism in Belize is primarily focused on outdoor activities, including scuba diving, snorkeling, fishing, kayaking, and hiking. Belize is home to the world-famous Belize Barrier Reef, the second-largest coral reef system in the world, and numerous Mayan ruins, including the famous ruins at Caracol, Xunantunich, and Altun Ha.

The country has many world-class resorts, hotels, and lodges that cater to tourists. Some of the popular tourist destinations in Belize include Ambergris Caye, Caye Caulker, Placencia, San Ignacio, and Hopkins. The country also offers a range of adventure activities such as zip-lining, cave tubing, and jungle safaris.

Belize has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from the Maya, Spanish, British, and African cultures. Visitors to Belize can experience the country's unique cultural traditions through music, dance, art, and food. The country celebrates a number of festivals throughout the year, including the Belize Carnival, Garifuna Settlement Day, and the Lobster Festival.


Top Destinations:

Belize is a country in Central America known for its beautiful beaches, lush rainforests, and ancient Mayan ruins. Some of the top destinations in Belize are:

  1. Ambergris Caye: This is the largest island in Belize and a popular tourist destination known for its stunning beaches, crystal-clear waters, and world-class diving and snorkeling opportunities.

  2. Belize Barrier Reef: The Belize Barrier Reef is the second-largest coral reef system in the world, and it offers excellent opportunities for scuba diving, snorkeling, and other water sports.

  3. Tikal: While not technically in Belize, Tikal is one of the most impressive Mayan ruins in the region, and it's just a short trip across the border in Guatemala.

  4. Placencia: This small coastal town is known for its laid-back vibe, sandy beaches, and excellent seafood.

  5. Caye Caulker: This tiny island is a popular destination for backpackers and budget travelers, offering a more relaxed and affordable alternative to Ambergris Caye.

  6. San Ignacio: This town is located near some of the most impressive Mayan ruins in Belize, including Xunantunich and Caracol.

  7. Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary: This protected area is home to jaguars, tapirs, and a wide variety of bird species, as well as some stunning waterfalls and hiking trails.

  8. Actun Tunichil Muknal: This ancient Mayan cave system is one of the most fascinating and unique tourist destinations in Belize, featuring a number of well-preserved artifacts and human remains.


Top Universities:

Belize has a few universities that offer undergraduate and graduate programs. Here are some of the top universities in Belize:

  1. University of Belize: The University of Belize is the national university of Belize, established in 2000. It has multiple campuses across the country and offers undergraduate and graduate programs in various fields such as education, business, science, and technology.

  2. Galen University: Galen University is a private university in Belize that was founded in 2003. It offers undergraduate and graduate programs in various fields such as business, tourism, and environmental science.

  3. Saint John's College: Saint John's College is a Roman Catholic high school and college in Belize City. It offers undergraduate programs in education, social work, and business.

  4. Sacred Heart Junior College: Sacred Heart Junior College is a private junior college in San Ignacio, Belize. It offers associate degree programs in various fields such as business, science, and technology.

  5. Wesley Junior College: Wesley Junior College is a private junior college in Belize City. It offers associate degree programs in various fields such as education, social work, and business.

  6. University of the West Indies Open Campus: The University of the West Indies Open Campus has a site in Belize that offers undergraduate and graduate programs in various fields such as business, education, and social sciences.

  7. Belize Medical College: Belize Medical College is a private medical school in Belize City that offers a four-year program leading to a Doctor of Medicine degree.


National Days:

Belize celebrates several national days throughout the year, which include:

  1. New Year's Day - January 1st
  2. Baron Bliss Day - March 9th: This day honors the philanthropist Baron Bliss, who left a significant amount of money to Belize when he died in 1926.
  3. Good Friday - varies: This day marks the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and is a public holiday in Belize.
  4. Easter Monday - varies: This day is observed as a public holiday in Belize.
  5. Labor Day - May 1st: This day celebrates the contributions of workers to the country's development.
  6. Sovereign's Day - May 24th: This day commemorates the birthday of Queen Victoria, who signed the 1871 Treaty of Peace between Britain and Belize.
  7. St. George's Caye Day - September 10th: This day celebrates the Battle of St. George's Caye in 1798, which is seen as a turning point in Belize's struggle for independence from Spain.
  8. Independence Day - September 21st: This day marks Belize's independence from Britain in 1981.
  9. Christmas Day - December 25th
  10. Boxing Day - December 26th: This day is observed as a public holiday in Belize.


Popular Leaders:

Belize has had several leaders since it gained independence from Great Britain in 1981. Some of the popular leaders of Belize include:

  1. George Cadle Price: He was the first prime minister of Belize and played a pivotal role in the country's fight for independence. Price served as prime minister on two separate occasions, from 1981 to 1984 and from 1989 to 1993.

  2. Manuel Esquivel: Esquivel was the prime minister of Belize from 1984 to 1989 and again from 1993 to 1998. He is credited with overseeing the privatization of several state-owned industries and for stabilizing the country's economy during his tenure.

  3. Said Musa: Musa served as the prime minister of Belize from 1998 to 2008. He is credited with implementing several social and economic reforms, including the introduction of free education for all Belizean students up to the secondary level.

  4. Dean Barrow: Barrow was the prime minister of Belize from 2008 to 2020. During his tenure, he oversaw several infrastructure projects and implemented policies aimed at reducing poverty and inequality in the country.

  5. Johnny Briceño: Briceño is the current prime minister of Belize, having assumed office in November 2020. He previously served as prime minister from 1998 to 2008 and is known for his commitment to social justice and economic development in Belize.



Belize is a small country with a small scientific community, but it has produced some notable scientists in various fields. Here are some examples:

  1. Adrian Vernon: Vernon is a Belizean marine biologist who has done extensive research on the coral reefs of Belize. He is a leading expert on the ecology and conservation of these fragile ecosystems.

  2. Ulric Trotz: Trotz is a Belizean climate scientist who has been heavily involved in international efforts to mitigate the effects of climate change. He is the Deputy Director of the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre.

  3. Ernesto Vasquez: Vasquez is a Belizean biologist who has made important contributions to the study of the country's biodiversity. He has conducted research on many of Belize's unique plant and animal species.

  4. Mariano Garcia-Una: Garcia-Una is a Belizean archaeologist who has conducted extensive research on the ancient Maya civilization that once thrived in Belize. He has published many scholarly articles on Maya archaeology.

  5. Cedric Flowers: Flowers is a Belizean chemist who has made significant contributions to the field of natural product chemistry. He has worked to isolate and identify the active compounds in many of the medicinal plants found in Belize.


Writers and Poets:

Belize has a rich literary tradition, and several writers and poets have emerged from the country. Here are some notable Belizean writers and poets:

  1. Zee Edgell: Zee Edgell is a Belizean novelist and short-story writer. She is best known for her novels "Beka Lamb" and "In Times Like These," both of which explore the social and political issues facing Belize in the mid-20th century.

  2. Evan X Hyde: Evan X Hyde is a Belizean writer and journalist. He is the founder of the Amandala newspaper, which has been an influential voice in Belizean politics and culture since its inception in 1969.

  3. David Ruiz: David Ruiz is a Belizean poet and playwright. His works often address themes of identity, cultural heritage, and the natural environment.

  4. Myrna Manzanares: Myrna Manzanares is a Belizean poet and academic. Her poetry explores themes of love, loss, and the search for identity in a complex and rapidly changing world.

  5. Glenville Lovell: Glenville Lovell is a Belizean-born writer and critic. He has written several novels and collections of short stories, and his work often explores the experiences of Caribbean immigrants in the United States.