Brief information

General Information

Official Name: Ukraine
Short Name: UA
Continent: Europe


Calling Code: +380
Capital City: Kiev
Domain: .ua


Area(Sqre/KM): 579320 SqKM
Population: About 43733762 as of 2023
Population Density: 75.49
Population By Religion:


Nationality: Ukrainians


Currency: Hryvnia
Latitude: 48.379433
Longitude: 31.16558


Lanugages: Ukrainian (official) 67%, Russian (regional language) 24%, other (includes small Romanian-, Polish-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 9%

Intesting facts

Here are some interesting facts about Ukraine:

  1. Ukraine is home to the deepest metro station in the world, Arsenalna Station in Kyiv, which is 105.5 meters deep.

  2. kraine has the seventh-largest reserves of arable land in the world and is known as the "breadbasket of Europe."

  3. Lviv, a city in western Ukraine, has been named the "cultural capital" of the country due to its rich history, architecture, and numerous cultural events.

  4. Ukraine is the birthplace of the famous chicken dish, Chicken Kiev, which was created in the early 20th century.

  5. The world's largest aircraft, the Antonov An-225 Mriya, was designed and built in Ukraine.

  6. The country has the third-largest number of IT professionals in Europe, after the United Kingdom and Germany.

  7. Ukraine has a high literacy rate, with over 99% of the population being able to read and write.

  8. The world's first-ever nuclear power plant was built in Ukraine, in the town of Obninsk, in 1954.

  9. The famous 19th-century writer, Nikolai Gogol, was born in Ukraine, as were several other famous writers, such as Lesya Ukrainka and Ivan Franko.

  10. Ukraine has a diverse and unique traditional music scene, with instruments such as the bandura, kobza, and tsymbaly, and genres such as the polyphonic choral music known as "Singing Together."

About Ukraine

Ukraine is a country located in Eastern Europe. It is the second-largest country in Europe, after Russia, and has a population of approximately 44 million people. Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 and is now a sovereign state with its own government, constitution, and currency. The country has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from both Eastern and Western Europe, and is known for its diverse landscapes, including the Carpathian Mountains, Black Sea coastline, and vast fertile plains.


Here are some of the top cities in Ukraine:

  1. Kyiv: The capital city of Ukraine is known for its rich history and culture, with landmarks like the golden-domed St. Sophia’s Cathedral, the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra monastery complex, and the Independence Square.

  2. Lviv: Located in western Ukraine, Lviv is a beautiful city with a historic Old Town that features Renaissance and Baroque architecture.

  3. Odesa: A major port city located on the Black Sea, Odesa is known for its beaches, museums, and lively nightlife.

  4. Kharkiv: The second-largest city in Ukraine, Kharkiv is an important cultural and educational center, with many universities and research institutes.

  5. Dnipro: A large industrial city located on the Dnieper River, Dnipro is known for its parks, museums, and the impressive Monastery Island.

  6. Donetsk: Located in eastern Ukraine, Donetsk is known for its rich coal-mining history and is home to several industrial and cultural landmarks.

  7. Zaporizhzhia: Located in central Ukraine, Zaporizhzhia is a historic city that is known for its scenic riverfront, museums, and Cossack history.

  8. Chernivtsi: A charming city located in western Ukraine, Chernivtsi is known for its beautiful architecture, picturesque streets, and rich cultural heritage.

  9. Ivano-Frankivsk: Another western Ukrainian city, Ivano-Frankivsk is known for its natural beauty, with many hiking trails and ski resorts in the surrounding Carpathian Mountains.

  10. Poltava: Located in central Ukraine, Poltava is a historic city that is known for its museums, parks, and the impressive Battle of Poltava Museum.



Ukraine has a rich and complex history. The earliest known human settlement in the region dates back to the Paleolithic era, around 30,000 years ago. The Scythians, a nomadic people, established a powerful empire in the region around the 7th century BCE. The region was later ruled by various empires and kingdoms, including the Greeks, Romans, Huns, Goths, Khazars, Kievan Rus, Mongols, Lithuanians, and Poles.

In the late 18th century, the Russian Empire annexed most of what is now Ukraine, and the region became an important center of industry, culture, and agriculture. During World War I, Ukraine declared its independence and established the Ukrainian People's Republic, but it was short-lived and was absorbed into the Soviet Union in 1922.

Ukraine suffered greatly under Soviet rule, including a forced famine in the early 1930s that killed millions of people. During World War II, Ukraine was occupied by Nazi Germany, and the country suffered enormous losses. After the war, Ukraine became a republic within the Soviet Union, and it remained under Soviet control until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Since gaining independence, Ukraine has faced a number of challenges, including political instability, corruption, economic struggles, and conflict with Russia over the annexation of Crimea and the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine.


Ukraine is a country located in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west, and Romania and Moldova to the southwest. Ukraine is the second-largest country in Europe, covering an area of 603,628 square kilometers.

The country's terrain is mostly flat plains, with lowlands along the Black Sea coast and the Crimean Peninsula. The Carpathian Mountains run along the country's western border, while the Dnieper River is the longest river in Ukraine, flowing from north to south through the country's central and eastern regions.

Ukraine also has numerous natural resources, including fertile soil, minerals such as iron ore, coal, and natural gas, and significant agricultural potential. The country has a diverse climate, with a humid continental climate in the central and eastern regions and a humid subtropical climate in the southern coastal areas.



Ukraine has a diverse climate due to its large size and location. The climate varies from humid subtropical along the southern coast of the Black Sea to continental in the central and eastern regions. The Carpathian Mountains in western Ukraine have an alpine climate with colder temperatures and more precipitation.

The average temperature in Ukraine is around 8°C, with colder temperatures in the north and warmer temperatures in the south. Summers are generally warm and humid, with temperatures averaging around 20°C to 25°C, while winters are cold and snowy, with temperatures averaging around -5°C to 0°C.

Ukraine also has a variety of landscapes, including forests, steppes, and wetlands. However, environmental issues such as deforestation, air pollution, water pollution, and soil contamination have become a concern in recent years. The government has taken measures to address these issues, such as increasing the use of renewable energy sources and implementing stricter environmental regulations.


According to the latest available data, the population of Ukraine is estimated to be around 43 million people. The majority of the population (around 77%) are ethnic Ukrainians, while the remaining 23% include ethnic minorities such as Russians, Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, and others.

The population of Ukraine is mostly urban, with over two-thirds of the population living in urban areas. The largest cities in Ukraine are Kyiv (the capital), Kharkiv, Lviv, and Odessa.

The population of Ukraine has been declining in recent years due to a combination of factors such as low birth rates, high emigration rates, and the ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine. The government has implemented various policies and programs to address the issue, such as promoting family support programs and encouraging skilled workers to stay in Ukraine.


Art and Culture:

Ukraine has a rich and diverse cultural heritage, with influences from various traditions and ethnic groups. Here are some highlights of the art and culture of Ukraine:

  1. Folk Art: Ukraine has a rich tradition of folk art, including embroidery, weaving, and pottery. The colorful and intricate designs are often inspired by nature, religion, and traditional stories.

  2. Music: Ukrainian music is known for its distinct melodies and harmonies, and is often performed using traditional instruments like the bandura and kobza. Famous Ukrainian musicians include composer Mykola Lysenko and opera singer Solomiya Krushelnytska.

  3. Literature: Ukrainian literature has a long and rich history, with notable authors including Taras Shevchenko, Ivan Franko, and Lesya Ukrainka. Ukrainian poetry is also highly regarded, with many poets known for their romantic and patriotic themes.

  4. Art: Ukrainian art is diverse and reflects the country's complex history and cultural influences. Notable Ukrainian artists include Kazimir Malevich, Oksana Mas, and Ivan Marchuk.

  5. Dance: Ukrainian folk dances are known for their high energy and intricate footwork. The Hopak is a famous Ukrainian dance that is often performed during celebrations and cultural events.


Business and Economy:

Ukraine is a developing country with a mixed economy. The country has rich natural resources, including iron ore, coal, and natural gas, which contribute significantly to its economy. The agricultural sector is also a significant contributor to the economy, with Ukraine being one of the world's largest exporters of wheat.

Ukraine has undergone significant economic reforms since the early 1990s, moving from a command economy to a market economy. The government has implemented policies aimed at promoting foreign investment, increasing exports, and developing the private sector.

The country has a well-developed manufacturing sector, particularly in the areas of aerospace, defense, and machinery. Ukraine is also home to a rapidly growing IT sector, with a large number of software development and outsourcing companies.

However, the economy has been impacted by political instability and corruption, and the country has faced several economic challenges, including high inflation, debt, and a trade deficit. The government has implemented reforms to address these issues, including currency devaluation and reducing energy subsidies.



Ukraine has a rich agricultural history and is known as the "breadbasket of Europe" due to its abundant production of wheat and other grains. Ukraine has one of the most fertile soil in the world, with the country’s Black Earth region being particularly famous for its rich and fertile soil.

Ukraine's agriculture sector is a significant contributor to the country's economy, accounting for about 10% of its GDP and providing employment to more than 16% of the population. Some of the country's major crops include wheat, barley, corn, sunflower, and sugar beets.

Ukraine is also a major producer of dairy products, meat, and poultry. The country is known for its high-quality organic food products, including honey, berries, and vegetables. In recent years, Ukraine has been working to modernize its agricultural sector, with the aim of increasing productivity and competitiveness in global markets.



The health sector in Ukraine has undergone significant transformations since its independence in 1991. The government has focused on increasing access to health care services and improving the quality of care. The health care system in Ukraine is based on the principle of compulsory health insurance, and the government is responsible for ensuring that all citizens have access to basic health care services.

Over the years, Ukraine has made significant progress in improving the health of its citizens. The country has achieved a significant reduction in mortality rates, and life expectancy has increased from 66 years in the early 1990s to 74 years in recent years.

However, the health sector in Ukraine still faces several challenges. The country has one of the highest rates of adult mortality in Europe, and the burden of non-communicable diseases is increasing rapidly. In addition, the health care system is underfunded, and there is a shortage of healthcare professionals, particularly in rural areas.

To address these challenges, the government of Ukraine has implemented several reforms, including the introduction of a new health care financing system and the development of a new national health care strategy. The government is also working to improve the quality of care and to increase the availability of health care services in rural areas. Despite these efforts, there is still a long way to go to ensure that all citizens in Ukraine have access to high-quality health care services.



Ukraine is known for its diverse and delicious cuisine that reflects its history, geography, and climate. Some popular Ukrainian foods include:

  1. Borscht: This is a soup made with beets, cabbage, potatoes, carrots, onions, and meat (usually beef or pork). It's often served with a dollop of sour cream.

  2. Varenyky: These are boiled dumplings filled with mashed potatoes, sauerkraut, cheese, or meat.

  3. Holubtsi: Also known as cabbage rolls, these are cabbage leaves stuffed with a mixture of ground meat, rice, and spices.

  4. Chicken Kiev: This is a dish made of chicken breast pounded thin and rolled around butter and herbs, then breaded and fried.

  5. Salo: This is a traditional Ukrainian food made of salted pork fat. It's often eaten on bread with garlic.

As for fruits, Ukraine is known for its production of apples, cherries, strawberries, raspberries, and plums. Ukrainians also enjoy a variety of berries, such as blueberries, cranberries, and blackberries, which are often used in desserts, jams, and syrups.


Ukraine is a country with diverse flora and fauna, comprising more than 100,000 different species of plants and animals. The country is home to dense forests, vast grasslands, and marshlands that provide habitats for many different species of animals, including wolves, foxes, deer, wild boars, and birds of prey. The Carpathian Mountains in western Ukraine are particularly rich in biodiversity, with many rare and endemic species of plants and animals found in the region.

The country's forests cover around 15% of its territory, with the most extensive forested areas found in the Carpathian Mountains and in the northern and eastern regions of the country. The forests are important for timber production, as well as for providing habitats for wildlife and contributing to the country's biodiversity.

Ukraine also has a number of protected areas, including national parks, nature reserves, and wildlife sanctuaries, which help to preserve the country's unique ecosystems and biodiversity. Some of the most famous protected areas in Ukraine include the Carpathian National Nature Park, the Shatsky National Nature Park, and the Askania-Nova Biosphere Reserve.



Ukraine has a diverse landscape that includes mountains, hills, and plateaus. The Carpathian Mountains, which form a natural border with Romania and Slovakia, are the country's highest range, with the highest peak, Mount Hoverla, reaching an elevation of 2,061 meters (6,762 feet).

The Crimean Mountains, located in the southern part of Ukraine, are another significant range. They are known for their rugged terrain, deep gorges, and scenic views of the Black Sea.

The Ukrainian Shield, a large plateau covering most of central and eastern Ukraine, is rich in mineral resources, including iron ore, coal, and manganese. The Dnieper Upland, a hilly region in central Ukraine, is an important agricultural area.

Other notable mountain ranges in Ukraine include the Svydovets, Gorgany, and Marmarosh ranges in the Carpathians, as well as the Buh and Azov Uplands in the south. Overall, Ukraine's mountainous areas provide a variety of opportunities for outdoor recreation and tourism, such as hiking, skiing, and mountain climbing.

Rivers and Sea:

Ukraine has a diverse water system, with many rivers, lakes, and a long coastline on the Black Sea. The country is drained by several major rivers, including the Dnieper, Dniester, Southern Buh, and Donets. The Dnieper is the longest river in Ukraine, stretching over 1,400 miles (2,200 km) and playing a significant role in the country's economy, providing water for irrigation and hydropower generation. The Dniester river flows through the western part of the country and forms the border with Moldova. The Southern Buh River is the fourth-longest river in Ukraine and flows through the southern part of the country.

The Black Sea, located in the south of Ukraine, is the country's only major sea port and has an important role in the country's economy, particularly for shipping and fishing. Ukraine's coastline on the Black Sea stretches over 600 miles (970 km) and has several major seaports, including Odessa, Sevastopol, and Yalta. The Sea of Azov is a smaller sea located in the northeast of Ukraine and is connected to the Black Sea by the Kerch Strait.


Hospitality and Tourism:

Ukraine is home to many tourist destinations that showcase its rich cultural heritage and natural beauty. One of the most popular destinations in Ukraine is Kiev, the capital city, which boasts of historical landmarks such as the St. Sophia Cathedral, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra Monastery, and the Golden Gate. Lviv, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is another popular tourist destination known for its picturesque old town and stunning architecture.

The Carpathian Mountains, located in the western part of Ukraine, are also a popular destination for tourists looking for hiking and skiing opportunities. Ukraine is also home to many museums, art galleries, and theaters that showcase its rich cultural heritage. The National Museum of Ukrainian History, the Ivan Honchar Museum, and the Taras Shevchenko National Museum are just a few of the many cultural institutions that offer a glimpse into Ukraine's fascinating history and culture.

TOP Destinations:

Ukraine is a country with many beautiful and historic destinations. Here are some of the top tourist attractions in Ukraine:

  1. Kiev: The capital city of Ukraine, Kiev is a cultural and historical center of the country. It has many interesting landmarks, including the St. Sophia Cathedral, the Kiev Pechersk Lavra, and the Golden Gate.

  2. Lviv: Lviv is a charming city in western Ukraine, known for its medieval Old Town, colorful architecture, and vibrant cultural scene. It has many museums, theaters, and galleries, as well as numerous cafes, restaurants, and bars.

  3. Odessa: Located on the Black Sea coast, Odessa is a popular summer destination in Ukraine. It is known for its beautiful beaches, lively nightlife, and impressive architecture, such as the Odessa Opera and Ballet Theater.

  4. Chernobyl: The site of the world's worst nuclear disaster, Chernobyl has become an unusual tourist attraction in recent years. Visitors can take a guided tour of the abandoned town and the nearby exclusion zone, which is still contaminated with radiation.

  5. Carpathian Mountains: The Carpathian Mountains in western Ukraine offer a beautiful landscape of forests, lakes, and mountain peaks. They are popular for hiking, skiing, and other outdoor activities.

  6. Kamyanets-Podilsky: This historic town in western Ukraine is known for its picturesque Old Town, with its castle, medieval walls, and cobblestone streets.

  7. Sofiyivka Park: Located in the city of Uman, Sofiyivka Park is a beautiful landscaped garden with lakes, waterfalls, and sculptures. It was created in the 19th century by a Polish nobleman for his wife.

  8. Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle: Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle is a beautiful fortress located in the historic town of Kamyanets-Podilsky. It was built in the 14th century and has survived many battles and invasions.

  9. Khortytsia Island: Khortytsia Island is the largest island on the Dnieper River and a popular tourist destination in Ukraine. It has many natural attractions, including cliffs, beaches, and forests, as well as historical landmarks, such as the Zaporizhian Sich fortress.

  10. Askania-Nova Biosphere Reserve: Askania-Nova is a unique nature reserve in southern Ukraine, known for its steppes, salt lakes, and rare wildlife, such as wild horses, antelopes, and flamingos. It is a popular destination for nature lovers and birdwatchers.


National Days:

Ukraine has several national days, including:

  1. New Year's Day (January 1): As in many countries around the world, Ukrainians celebrate the start of the New Year on January 1 with fireworks and other festivities.

  2. Ukrainian Orthodox Christmas (January 7): This holiday is celebrated by Orthodox Christians in Ukraine and marks the birth of Jesus Christ.

  3. International Women's Day (March 8): In Ukraine, Women's Day is a popular holiday when men give flowers and other gifts to the women in their lives.

  4. Victory Day (May 9): This holiday commemorates the end of World War II and the Soviet Union's victory over Nazi Germany. Ukrainians celebrate with military parades and other events.

  5. Constitution Day (June 28): This holiday celebrates the adoption of Ukraine's current constitution in 1996.

  6. Independence Day (August 24): Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union on August 24, 1991, and this holiday commemorates that event. Ukrainians celebrate with parades, concerts, and other festivities.

These are just a few of the national days celebrated in Ukraine. There are many other holidays and celebrations throughout the year, including religious holidays and regional festivals.


Popular Leaders:

Ukraine has had several notable leaders throughout its history. Here are some of the popular leaders of Ukraine:

  1. Petro Poroshenko: Petro Poroshenko served as the President of Ukraine from 2014 to 2019. He played a key role in Ukraine's pro-European orientation and pursued reforms in various areas, including anti-corruption, economic, and political reforms.

  2. Volodymyr Zelensky: Volodymyr Zelensky is a comedian, actor, and television producer who was elected as the President of Ukraine in 2019. He won a landslide victory, promising to fight corruption and implement reforms. Zelensky is known for his unconventional background as a comedian and political outsider.

  3. Yulia Tymoshenko: Yulia Tymoshenko is a prominent Ukrainian politician who has served as the Prime Minister of Ukraine multiple times. She is known for her strong stance on economic reforms and has been a key figure in Ukraine's political landscape for many years.

  4. Viktor Yushchenko: Viktor Yushchenko served as the President of Ukraine from 2005 to 2010. He played a significant role in Ukraine's Orange Revolution, a series of protests that led to political and social changes in the country. Yushchenko focused on anti-corruption efforts and improving Ukraine's relations with the European Union during his presidency.

  5. Leonid Kravchuk: Leonid Kravchuk was the first President of Ukraine, serving from 1991 to 1994. He played a critical role in Ukraine's independence from the Soviet Union and the establishment of the country as an independent nation.



Here are some notable Ukrainian scientists:

  1. Mykhailo Hrushevsky: He was a historian and politician who is considered the father of Ukrainian history. He was also the first president of the Ukrainian People's Republic.

  2. Ivan Pavlov: A famous physiologist, Pavlov is best known for his work on the conditioned reflex and his experiments with dogs. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1904.

  3. Sergei Korolev: Known as the father of practical astronautics, Korolev was a rocket engineer who designed and built the first intercontinental ballistic missile and the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1.

  4. Vladimir Vernadsky: Vernadsky was a mineralogist and geochemist who is known for his pioneering work in the field of biogeochemistry. He proposed the concept of the biosphere and helped establish the science of biogeochemistry.

  5. Mikhail Lomonosov: Lomonosov was a polymath who made significant contributions to a variety of fields, including chemistry, physics, and literature. He is best known for his work on the law of conservation of mass and his development of the modern Russian literary language.

  6. Igor Sikorsky: Sikorsky was an aviation pioneer who is credited with developing the first successful helicopter. He also designed and built several successful fixed-wing aircraft.


Writers and poets:

Ukraine has a rich literary heritage, with many famous writers and poets hailing from the country. Here are a few notable figures:

  1. Taras Shevchenko: Widely considered Ukraine's greatest poet, Shevchenko wrote in Ukrainian and is often credited with helping to establish the Ukrainian language as a literary language. His work often focused on the plight of the Ukrainian people and their struggle for independence.

  2. Lesya Ukrainka: A poet and playwright, Ukrainka is regarded as one of the most important figures in Ukrainian literature. Her works often touched on themes of social justice and women's rights.

  3. Nikolai Gogol: Although born in what is now Ukraine, Gogol wrote in Russian and is often considered a Russian writer. Nevertheless, his work is widely read and beloved in Ukraine, and his play "The Inspector General" is a staple of Ukrainian theater.

  4. Ivan Franko: Franko was a poet, writer, and political activist who played a major role in the development of modern Ukrainian literature. He also translated many works of European literature into Ukrainian.

  5. Lina Kostenko: A contemporary poet, Kostenko is known for her powerful, lyrical poetry that often explores the theme of national identity. She has been awarded numerous prizes for her work, including the Shevchenko National Prize, Ukraine's highest literary honor.